Archives ouvertes. Le savoir scientifiqu…

Archives ouvertes. Le savoir scientifique est-il en accès libre ? :

“L’auto-archivage permet le libre accès au savoir scientifique, mais repose encore trop sur l’altruisme des auteurs. Pour massifier et systématiser cette pratique, des actions plus fortes sont nécessaires. Le conte à rire narre les déboires d’un chercheur «connu de Hal» à l’insu de son plein gré, découvrant qu’il a 148 notices bibliographiques sur un serveur d’archives ouvertes.”


MELIBEA : “MELIBEA (http://www.accesoab…

“MELIBEA ( is a directory and a validator of institutional open-access (OA) policies regarding scientific and academic work. As a directory, it describes the existing policies. As a validator, it subjects them to qualitative and quantitative analysis based on fulfilment of a set of indicators ( that reflect the bases of an institutional policy. ”

Scientific journal publishing: yearly vo…

Scientific journal publishing: yearly volume and open access availability :
Introduction. We estimate the total yearly volume of peer-reviewed scientific journal articles published world-wide as well as the share of these articles available openly on the Web either directly or as copies in e-print repositories.
Method. We rely on data from two commercial databases (ISI and Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory) supplemented by sampling and Google searches.
Analysis. A central issue is the finding that ISI-indexed journals publish far more articles per year (111) than non ISI-indexed journals (26), which means that the total figure we obtain is much lower than many earlier estimates. Our method of analysing the number of repository copies (green open access) differs from several earlier studies which have studied the number of copies in identified repositories, since we start from a random sample of articles and then test if copies can be found by a Web search engine.
Results. We estimate that in 2006 the total number of articles published was approximately 1,350,000. Of this number 4.6% became immediately openly available and an additional 3.5% after an embargo period of, typically, one year. Furthermore, usable copies of 11.3% could be found in subject-specific or institutional repositories or on the home pages of the authors.
Conclusions. We believe our results are the most reliable so far published and, therefore, should be useful in the on-going debate about Open Access among both academics and science policy makers. The method is replicable and also lends itself to longitudinal studies in the future.”

SWORD v2.0: Deposit Lifecycle : SWORD is…

SWORD v2.0: Deposit Lifecycle :
SWORD is a hugely successful JISC project which has kindled repository interoperability and built a community around the software and the problem space. It explicitly deals only with creating new repository resources by package deposit ­ a simple case which is at the root of its success but also its key limitation. This next version of SWORD will push the standard towards supporting full repository deposit lifecycles by using update, retrieve and delete extensions to the specification. This will enable the repository to be integrated into a broader range of systems in the scholarly environment, by supporting an increased range of behaviours and use cases.


This study was conducted with the cooperation of, the University of Kansas Libraries, the DRIVER project and Key Perspectives Ltd. The aim was to create an inventory of current digital repository activities in developing and transition countries at both the infrastructure and services level. This is the first attempt to collect such data about digital repository activity in developing and transition countries and we hope this will serve as important resource for promoting open access and repository development in these regions. This report was produced in the framework of the eIFL-OA advocacy program supported by Open Society Institute and the Wellcome Trust.

Pour une plus grande visibilité des travaux des chercheurs : l’exemple de l’archive ouverte PhysiologieAnimale

Auteur/Author : Hélène Bosc

Le chef de département de Physiologie Animale de l’Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) a signé en février 2002, l’Initiative de Budapest (BOAI). En signant il s’est engagé à promouvoir le libre accès par la voie verte (auto-archivage) et par la voie d’or (publications en libre accès).

En tant que bibliothécaire-documentaliste travaillant dans ce département, j’ai donc pu mettre en place l’Archive PhysiologieAnimale car l’investissement financier a été quasiment nul.

Nous avons récupéré une vieille machine (SUN /Unix) et notre informaticien a installé le logiciel open source EPrints Notre serveur de dépôt de documents a été créé en avril 2002.

Il est expliqué dans ce texte comment nous l’avons rempli. Les politiques des éditeurs, d’après le registre ROMEO en 2003-2004 et la politique d’Elsevier, avant que cet éditeur ne devienne totalement « vert » en juin 2004, y sont mentionnées.