Embracing an Innovation Stimulus Package :
« Over the past several years, Google has partnered with a number of thought leaders to evaluate and quantify the Internet’s impact on the broader macro-economy. Our work has demonstrated that the Internet has a truly phenomenal impact on economic activity and opportunity, contributing to 21% of GDP growth across the G-20 from 2005-2010. However, since 2008 the global economy has fallen into a state of malaise. GDP growth is slowing worldwide and employment is stagnating as we enter a period some are calling “muddling through.” There is widespread recognition that neither a fiscal stimulus nor a prolonged period of austerity will truly remedy the situation. We believe there remain untapped opportunities to innovate across a range of critical macroeconomic activities by applying core characteristics of the Internet, which has been a source of such astounding innovation in the past decade. What we propose here will not be a panacea for our current economic ills, but by embracing the Innovation Stimulus Agenda we outline, we believe policymakers can move the economic needle in meaningful, positive and sustainable ways. »
URL : http://ssrn.com/abstract=2104350
While the effects of the internet on libraries was recognized relatively early, few works have addressed network dynamics in terms of library operations.
This essay identifies some implications of the shift to a networked environment and its effects on library operations, with the express aim of initiating a dialog within the profession about its broader significance.
Understanding this shift, with its threats and opportunities, is critical for planning the future of libraries.
URL : http://eprints.rclis.org/17278/
La neutralité d’Internet dans les différents pays européens : état des débats et enseignements à en tirer :
« La neutralité du net peut être définie comme le principe selon lequel toutes les informations sont acheminées sans discrimination sur les réseaux. Ce principe, qui correspond au mode de fonctionnement historique de l’internet, a été remis en cause, sous l’influence notamment de l’accroissement du trafic et du développement des usages – légaux et illégaux -, qui ont conduit certains opérateurs mais aussi certains propriétaires de droits d’auteurs à défendre des pratiques allant contre la neutralité. Dans le prolongement d’un rapport de la mission d’information de l’Assemblée nationale publié en 2011, le ministre chargé de l’industrie, de l’énergie et de l’économie numérique a chargée Mme Laure de La Raudière, députée d’Eure-et-Loir, de dresser un panorama de l’état des débats sur la neutralité du net en Europe, l’objectif étant d’évaluer, dans la perspective d’une éventuelle intervention publique, les enseignements à tirer de la transposition des dispositions du troisième paquet télécoms et des expériences complémentaires faites dans les autres pays européens. »
URL : http://www.ladocumentationfrancaise.fr/rapports-publics/124000255-la-neutralite-d-internet-dans-les-differents-pays-europeens-etat-des-debats-et
A comparison of subscription and open access journals in construction management and related fields :
« The Internet has profoundly changed the technical infrastructure for the publishing of scientific peer reviewed journals. The traditional business model of selling the content to subscribers is increasingly being challenged by Open Access journals, which are either run at low cost by voluntary academics or which sell dissemination services to authors. In addition authors in many fields are taking advantage of the legal possibilities of uploading free manuscript versions to institutional or subject-based repositories, in order to increase readership and impact. Construction Management is lagging behind many other fields in utilising the potential of the web for efficient dissemination results, in particular to academics outside the leading universities in industrialised countries. This study looks closer at the current publishing situation in construction management and related fields and compares empirical data about 16 OA journals and 16 traditional subscription journals. Of the articles published in 2011 in the subscription journals only 9 % could be found as OA copies. The overall OA availability (including article in OA journals) was 14 % for Construction Management and Economics and 29 for construction IT scholarship. »
URL : http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/journals/index.php/AJCEB/article/view/27
Understanding the net neutrality debate: Listening to stakeholders :
« The Internet is increasingly seen as integral to economic progress and prosperity. Yet how the Internet will be managed as it grows and diversifies remains a hotly contested topic, as the debate on net neutrality demonstrates. Whether the Internet is neutral or not has serious implications for Internet service providers (ISPs), businesses operating online, governments, and civil society. With these stakeholders and varying interests at play, the debate about net neutrality is often characterized in terms of polar positions, and the discussion has seemed intransigent and ongoing with an uncertain end point. To increase understanding about the debate, this paper combines a review of the literature on net neutrality with evidence from interviews with four individuals, each representing the viewpoint of a major stakeholder group in Canada. Analysis of the similarities and differences among key stakeholder positions shows that in fact the positions are more complex and considerably more nuanced than typically depicted. By focussing on components of the issues, and staying away from the politics of contesting net neutrality, progress in the debate can be made. While this paper gives attention to the Canadian context in particular, the findings echo those of international organizations, and adds to the global conversation on the future of the Internet. »
URL : http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3857/3205
The Internet, selective learning, and the rise of issue specialists :
« Using national survey data (N = 1,208) in the U.S., the present study found that individuals relying upon the Internet translated their interest in the health care issue into issue–specific knowledge. However, those who depended on network TV, newspapers, and radio failed to display a high level of issue–specific knowledge, even when they were interested in the issue. The findings suggest that the Internet plays an important role in fostering issue specialists rather than generalists. »
URL : http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3888/3206
“Open government” used to carry a hard political edge: it referred to politically sensitive disclosures of government information. The phrase was first used in the 1950s, in the debates leading up to passage of the Freedom of Information Act. But over the last few years, that traditional meaning has blurred, and has shifted toward technology.
Open technologies involve sharing data over the Internet, and all kinds of governments can use them, for all kinds of reasons. Recent public policies have stretched the label “open government” to reach any public sector use of these technologies.
Thus, “open government data” might refer to data that makes the government as a whole more open (that is, more transparent), but might equally well refer to politically neutral public sector disclosures that are easy to reuse, but that may have nothing to do with public accountability.
Today a regime can call itself “open” if it builds the right kind of web site — even if it does not become more accountable or transparent. This shift in vocabulary makes it harder for policymakers and activists to articulate clear priorities and make cogent demands.
This essay proposes a more useful way for participants on all sides to frame the debate: We separate the politics of open government from the technologies of open data. Technology can make public information more adaptable, empowering third parties to contribute in exciting new ways across many aspects of civic life.
But technological enhancements will not resolve debates about the best priorities for civic life, and enhancements to government services are no substitute for public accountability. »
URL : http://ssrn.com/abstract=2012489