« This article analyzes the discourse of library publishing, examining how the needs of library users have (or haven’t) been framed as core concerns in key collaborative documents from the 2007 Ithaka Report to the 2014 Library Publishing Directory. Access issues, including not only open access but format options, usability, accessibility, and general user experience, have most often been absent or sidelined in this discourse. Even open access has been less central than one might expect. Moreover, even in later documents where it is more commonly trumpeted as a value of libraries, open access is often not presented as a service to readers but to authors.
For these reasons, I argue the promotion of library publishing has missed a key opportunity to promote such services as offering a holistic approach that incorporates the needs of both authors and readers by drawing on the history of user studies in libraries. The absence of the user as information seeker, and especially reader, in this discourse should concern libraries lest library publishing services replicate existing access problems with commercial publishers beyond the question of openness. The opportunity exists for organizations such as the Library Publishing Coalition to foster discussion of reader needs for digital formats and, where feasible, promote a set of best practices. »
URL : http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0018.303
20 juin 2015
· 19 h 06 min
« L’apparition du numérique a constitué pour l’édition scientifique une étape essentielle, comme pour de nombreux autres secteurs des industries dites culturelles. Ici, ce sont les auteurs eux-mêmes, c’est-à-dire les chercheurs dont les articles sont publiés dans les revues scientifiques, qui ont profité de la révolution numérique pour bouleverser les modes de transmission des oeuvres. Il faut dire que ces chercheurs sont doublement concernés par la diffusion des oeuvres scientifiques. Ils en sont les auteurs mais aussi les destinataires principaux : la recherche se nourrit de la recherche, et le chercheur est à la fois le rédacteur d’articles exposant le résultat de ses travaux et le lecteur des publications de ses collègues, qui alimentent ses propres réflexions. C’est ainsi qu’ils ont développé l’idée de l’open access, consistant notamment à assurer un accès gratuit, en ligne, aux articles des revues scientifiques. Il s’agit ici de voir comment l’apparition de ce mouvement en faveur de l’open access a constitué une rupture dans l’évolution de l’édition scientifique et le rôle tenu par le droit d’auteur dans ce contexte. »
URL : http://hal.univ-nantes.fr/halshs-01160567
12 juin 2015
· 18 h 59 min
« There are scientific and educational institutions in Ukraine which actively introduce and fill up open sources in web to make integration of Ukrainian scientists into worldwide communication more effective. Ukrainian scientists’ citation boost with their complete works available at open sources must indicate the success of such integration. This article, grounding in Scopus and Google Scholar data, investigates the types of scientific web-sources used by Ukrainian scientists for promotion of their works. »
URL : http://eprints.rclis.org/25210/
30 mai 2015
· 18 h 34 min
« This briefing paper presents an overview of the international repository landscape. The paper has been produced by COAR on behalf of the Aligning Repository Networks Committee, a group of senior representatives from repository networks around the world. While principally intended for the Global Research Council (GRC), the paper has also been written with a broader audience in mind.
Over the last 20 years, open access repositories have been implemented around the world and are now fairly widespread across all regions. Repositories provide open access (OA) to research publications and other materials and enable the local management and preservation of research outputs. They are a key infrastructure component supporting the growing number of open access policies and laws, the majority of which recommend or require deposit of articles into an OA repository.
OA repositories are increasingly connected through thematic, national and regional networks. In turn, these regional and national networks are further aligning their practices globally through the COAR Aligning Repository Networks Initiative, making their collections more valuable as it enables new services to be built on top of their aggregated contents.These services include tracking of research outputs for funders and research administrators, monitoring usage of publications, facilitating text and data mining, as well as peer review overlay services.
Crucially, repositories represent a distributed and participatory model in which institutions manage content locally, but contribute to the global knowledgebase through adoption of common, open standards. Distributed systems, such as a global network of repositories, have an inherent sustainability. They increase the resilience of infrastructure and fostersocial and institutional flexibility and innovation. They also enable the research community to regain some influence over the scholarly communication system.
With a growing number of funding agencies adopting open access and open science policies that rely on repository infrastructure for adherence, it is critical that the repository and funder communities forge closer ties and find mechanisms to engage in regular dialogue. In addition, given that there are different approaches across regions in terms of both policies and infrastructure, it is important that the diversity perspectives are considered as we collectively move forward. COAR, and its members and partners, welcome further discussion with the Global Research Council as we chart a course for a sustainable and dynamic future for scholarly communication. »
30 mai 2015
· 18 h 29 min