The Paradox of Privacy: Revisiting a Core Library Value in an Age of Big Data and Linked Data

Protecting user privacy and confidentiality is fundamental to the ethics and practice of librarianship, and such protection constitutes one of eleven values in the American Library Association’s “Core Values of Librarianship” (2004).

This paper addresses the concerns of protecting privacy in the library as they relate to library users who are defining, exploring, and negotiating their sexual identities with the help of the library’s information, programming, and physical facilities.

In so doing, we enlist the aid of Garret Keizer, who, in Privacy (2012), articulates a fresh theory of the concept in light of American social life in the twenty-first century. Using Keizer’s theory, we examine these concerns within the context of the rise of big data systems and social media on the one hand, and linked data and new cataloging standards on the other.

In so doing, we suggest that linked data technologies, with their ability to lead searchers through self-directed, open inquiry, are superior to big data technologies in the navigation of the paradox between openness and secrecy.

In this way they offer a greater potential to support the needs of queer library users: lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, or questioning (LGBTQ).

URL : http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/library_trends/v064/64.3.campbell.html

Linking Libraries to the Web: Linked Data and the Future of the Bibliographic Record

« The ideas behind Linked Data and the Semantic Web have recently gained ground and shown the potential to redefine the world of the web. Linked Data could conceivably create a huge database out of the Internet linked by relationships understandable by both humans and machines. The benefits of Linked Data to libraries and their users are potentially great, but so are the many challenges to its implementation. The BIBFRAME Initiative provides the possible framework that will link library resources with the web, bringing them out of their information silos and making them accessible to all users. »

URL : http://microblogging.infodocs.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/gonzales2014.pdf

DOI : 10.6017/ital.v33i4.5631

Le virage Linked Open Data en bibliothèque : étude des pratiques, mise en œuvre, compétences des professionnels

Les Linked Open Data (LOD) mettent peu à peu en évidence des enjeux considérables pour les professionnels de l’information et les bibliothèques. Cet article fait un tour d’horizon de la question en abordant plusieurs aspects. Après avoir introduit les concepts-clés de cette thématique, il s’attache à déterminer l’utilité des LOD en bibliothèque en présentant quelques applications innovantes. Prérequis pour la création de telles applications, la conversion des données en LOD est décrite sous la forme d’un procédé généralisable.

L’article change ensuite de perspective et se penche sur le professionnel de l’information, en identifiant les compétences les plus pertinentes à acquérir pour faire face à ces évolutions. Enfin, il décrit la réalisation concrète d’une formation à distance sur les LOD, accessible à tous sur le web.

URL : http://www.ressi.ch/num15/article_100

Publishing the British National Bibliography as Linked Open Data

« This paper describes the development of a linked data instance of the British National Bibliography (BNB) by the British Library. The focus is on the development of an RDF (Resource Description Framework) data model and the technical process to convert MARC 21 Bibliographic Data to Linked Data using existing resources. BNB was launched as linked open data in 2011 on a Talis platform. In 2013 it was migrated to a new platform, hosted by TSO. The paper discusses issues arising from the development, implementation and running of a linked data service. It also looks ahead to plans for future developments »

URL : Publishing the British National Bibliography as Linked Open Data

Alternative URL : http://www.bl.uk/bibliographic/pdfs/publishing_bnb_as_lod.pdf

The 1:1 Principle in the Age of Linked Data

« This paper explores the origins of the 1:1 Principle within Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI). It finds that the need for the 1:1 Principle emerged from prior work among cultural heritage professionals responsible for describing reproductions and surrogate resources using traditional cataloging methods. As the solutions to these problems encountered new ways to model semantic data that emerged outside of libraries, archives, and museums, tensions arose within DCMI community. This paper aims to fill the gaps in our understanding of the 1:1 Principle by outlining the conceptual foundations that led to its inclusion in DCMI documentation, how the Principle has been (mis)understood in practice, how violations of the Principle have been operationalized, and how the fundamental issues raised by the Principle continue to challenge us today. This discussion situates the 1:1 Principle within larger discussions about cataloging practice and emerging Linked Data approaches. »

URL : http://diginole.lib.fsu.edu/slis_faculty_publications/25/

On the Citation Advantage of linking to data…

On the Citation Advantage of linking to data :

« This paper present some indications of the existence of a Citation Advantage related to linked data, using astrophysics as a case. Using simple measures, I find that the Citation Advantage presently (at the least since 2009) amounts to papers with links to data receiving on the average 50% more citations per paper per year, than the papers without links to data. A similar study by other authors should a cummulative effect after several years amounting to 20%. Hence, a Data Sharing Citation Advantage seems inevitable. »

URL : http://hprints.org/hprints-00714715

Local Transparency – A Practitioners Gui…

Local Transparency – A Practitioners Guide to Publishing New Contracts and Tenders Data

« This guide offers practical help to meet both immediate targets, and to adopt approaches that will add most value for local people and public services over the longer term. It therefore suggests how to meet the requirements for data publication by January 2011, but also offers help in opening up other public data. It describes:
• what data to publish
• how to publish this data online in an open format
• what to consider in publishing; including data protection and licensing
• how to make enable more constructive use of the data as Linked Data. »

URL : http://lgnewcontracts.readandcomment.com/files/2010/12/101122-New-Contracts-Data-Practitioners-Guide-V7.pdf