Advocating for Librarianship: The Discourses of Advocacy and Service in the Professional Identities of Librarians

A dedication to service is often cited as a hallmark of a profession. Service is included as one of eleven Core Values in the American Library Association’s “Core Values of Librarianship” (2004). For librarians, service includes helping people find information resources to meet their educational, recreational, and work needs.

Reporting findings from a larger study into the professional identity of librarians, this paper explores the centrality of service, with specific attention to how librarians advocate for their services and, ultimately, for librarianship.

Using a discourse analysis approach, this study examines the roles that Service as a Core Value and advocacy play in the construction of professional identity. Three different data sources were used: professional journals, e-mail discussion lists, and research interviews.

The data were analyzed for the discourses librarians use when describing librarians, librarianship, and professionalism and their connection to advocacy. When librarians advocate for the services they offer, they are in fact advocating for the value of the profession.

Discursively, speaking or writing about advocacy positioned librarians as active participants in their own identity formation. By making advocacy a central activity of the profession, librarians not only challenged others’ perception of librarianship, they challenged their own understanding as well.

URL : http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/library_trends/v064/64.3.hicks.html

Changing Roles of Librarians and Library Technicians

What significant changes are librarians and library technicians experiencing in their roles? A survey put forward across Canada to librarians and library technicians addressing this question was conducted in February 2014. Eight hundred eighty-two responses were obtained from librarians, defined as MLIS graduates, and library technicians, defined as graduates from a two-year library diploma program.

Respondents needed to have been employed in the last two years in these roles and students of either an MLIS or LIT program were also welcome to participate.

The results suggest that both librarians and library technicians perceive their roles as growing in scope and complexity and that the lines of responsibility are blurring. A majority of respondents indicated that they perceive a change in their roles in the past five years and commented on what the perceived changes were.

Librarian and library technician roles may be shifting away from what may be viewed as traditional or clearly defined responsibilities and both librarians and library technicians may be taking on new tasks as well as experiencing task overlap.All library staff will need to be fluid, adaptable, and open to change. Library school curricula and workplace training need to incorporate the development of these competencies.

URL : Changing Roles of Librarians and Library Technicians

Alternative location : https://journal.lib.uoguelph.ca/index.php/perj/article/view/3333

Changing Role of Academic Librarians in Open Access Environment

Application of information and communication technology is supporting various ways of scholarly communication. The transition from print to electronic and paid resources to open access resources has a great impact on information society and resulted open access movement. This paper enumerates various declarations on open access and discusses the impact of open access on libraries particularly on the role of academic librarians. On the basis of existing literature, an attempt has been made in this paper to understand transforming role of academic librarians and suggest new responsibilities in open access environment.

URL : Changing Role of Academic Librarians in Open Access Environment

Alternative location : http://irjlis.com/changing-role-of-academic-librarians-in-open-access-environment/

L’open access dans la formation continue des bibliothécaires et documentalistes

Après une première étude sur la formation professionnelle dans le domaine du libre accès à l’information (open access), l’Université de Technologie, des Art et Sciences de Cologne (TH Cologne) et l’Université de Lille 3 ont mené une étude comparative de la formation continue sur l’open access. L’objectif est de faire un état des lieux de l’offre de formation des trois dernières années, de comparer la situation dans les deux pays et de faire des propositions pour le développement de la formation continue sur l’open access.

L’objet est l’offre des principaux prestataires de formation continue dans le domaine des bibliothèques et sciences de l’information, dans les deux pays. En France, l’enquête s’adresse en particulier aux associations professionnelles ADBS et ABF, aux organismes publics dans l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche (URFIST, CRFCB, ENSSIB, bibliothèques universitaires, INIST), au consortium COUPERIN et à certains réseaux (MEDICI, Renatis etc.).

L’étude est accompagnée par plusieurs structures du Nord Pas-de-Calais (CRFCB MédiaLille, SCD et Formation Continue de Lille 3, Ecole Doctorale SHS, Collège Doctoral de la COMUE). En Allemagne, l’enquête implique entre autre l’offre de formation continue de la TH Cologne, de l’Université Libre de Berlin et du land Schleswig-Holstein, de plusieurs associations professionnelles (y compris leurs conférences) et autant que possible des BU et d’autres initiatives de l’open access. L’enquête s’est faite par écrit. Les questions concernent plusieurs aspects, en particulier : le public cible, les objectifs, les contenus, le format, la durée, les pré-requis (expériences professionnelles, compétences particulières etc.), évaluation par les participants, forces et faiblesses du point de vue du prestataire, perspectives pour la suite, suggestions etc.

L’enquête concerne la période de 2012 à 2015. Elle a lieu en juin et juillet 2015. Les résultats ont été présentés lors de la conférence OAT15 à Zurich , avant d‘être publiés avec les données. L’étude a été subventionnée par l’Université de Lille 3.

URL : http://hal.univ-lille3.fr/hal-01233838

Les modes de communication de la recherche aujourd’hui : quel rôle pour les bibliothécaires ?

« Le modèle des publications scientifiques, historiquement fondé sur l’article, semble être battu en brèche ces dernières années. Les échanges entre les chercheurs passent aujourd’hui par de multiples canaux, carnets de recherche, listes de diffusion, réseaux sociaux dédiés et grand public. L’identité numérique des chercheurs s’affirme d’année en année sur la Toile, générant de nouvelles visibilités hors des circuits de diffusion
traditionnels. Dans ce nouvel environnement réticulaire, tout à la fois laboratoire 2.0 et espace d’actualités et de débats, les bibliothèques pourraient jouer un rôle de premier plan. Sans se défaire de ses missions traditionnelles – archiver, signaler, collecter, elles peuvent les renouveler. Archiver ces nouvelles productions, travailler à leur identification pérenne ainsi qu’à celle de leurs auteurs, former à l’utilisation de ces outils sont autant de tâches pour les bibliothécaires. »

URL : http://microblogging.infodocs.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/arenes2015.pdf

URL alternative : http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/documents/65046-les-modes-de-communication-de-la-recherche-aujourd-hui-quel-role-pour-les-bibliothecaires.pdf

Assessing the role of librarians in an Open…

Assessing the role of librarians in an Open Access world :

« This online survey was designed to gauge how the library community is responding to Open Access (OA) publishing in order to better understand librarians’ opinions of OA and what the main benefits and concerns are perceived to be. Also to understand how the role of the librarian may change in the future as a result of OA, in terms of how librarians can best assist their communities in publishing and accessing content under this evolving business model.

The detailed objectives of the research were to explore:
• Current levels of familiarity with Open Access publishing
• Current opinions of and attitudes towards Open Access
• The current role of the librarian with regards to Open Access
• Whether and how Open Access is changing the role of the librarian

The online survey was conducted in April 2012. The survey was sent out to
librarians via a posting on various library listservs, including lis‐e‐resources, LISLINK, lis‐serials, LibLicense and Serialst. 211 participants took part in the online survey; 156 (74.3%) completed it. Please note that all percentage responses shown are representative not of the total number of participants, but of the number that answered each specific question. »

URL : http://www.intechopen.com/js/ckeditor/kcfinder/upload/files/Role%20of%20the%20Librarian_Survey_Findings_Jun12.pdf