Mots-clefs: ICT Afficher/masquer les discussions | Raccourcis clavier

  • Hans Dillaerts le 20 August 2012 à 14 h 19 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , e-health, ICT   

    Can’t surf, won’t surf: The digital divide in mental health :

    « Background: New health information technology (HIT) increasingly plays a role in health care as technology becomes cheaper and more widespread. However, there is a danger that those who do not use or have access to technology will not benefit from HIT innovations, thus creating a “digital divide”.

    Aims: To assess the extent to which mental health service users have access to, skills in using and appetite for various technologies.

    Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to assess technology use and access patterns of 121 people from community mental health services. Data were analysed using logistic regression.

    Results: Technology use and access were very similar to that of the general population with older individuals reporting less familiarity, access and confidence across a range of technologies. Black, minority and ethnic (BME) groups were more likely to access computers outside of their own homes than white individuals. Older participants experiencing psychosis indicated a desire to increase their computer use.

    Conclusions: The findings reported here contrast with recent evidence suggesting that those who do not engage with technology are “self-excluders”. Furthermore, BME groups may need extra support regarding provision of technology in order to engage with HIT. »

    URL : http://informahealthcare.com/doi/full/10.3109/09638237.2012.689437

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 16 March 2012 à 14 h 24 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: ICT, ,   

    Open access, virtual science libraries, geospatial analysis and other complementary information
    and communications technology and science, technology, engineering and mathematics assets to
    address development issues, with particular attention to education
    :

    « This report provides an overview of how open access, virtual science libraries, and geographic information systems (GIS) could be harnessed to address development challenges, especially in the area of education. It contains recommendations for consideration by national governments and the international community, with a view to encouraging and expanding further development and adoption of these ICT assets. »

    URL http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=E/CN.16/2012/3&Lang=E

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 27 February 2012 à 14 h 12 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: adolescents, authority, , children, content creation, credibility, elementary school, high school, ICT, information behavior, information-problem-solving, , middle school, new media, relevance, reliability, students, teaching, teenagers, , truth, veracity, , young people   

    Youth and Digital Media: From Credibility to Information Quality :

    « Building upon a process- and context-oriented information quality framework, this paper seeks to map and explore what we know about the ways in which young users of age 18 and under search for information online, how they evaluate information, and how their related practices of content creation, levels of new literacies, general digital media usage, and social patterns affect these activities. A review of selected literature at the intersection of digital media, youth, and information quality — primarily works from library and information science, sociology, education, and selected ethnographic studies — reveals patterns in youth’s information-seeking behavior, but also highlights the importance of contextual and demographic factors both for search and evaluation. Looking at the phenomenon from an information-learning and educational perspective, the literature shows that youth develop competencies for personal goals that sometimes do not transfer to school, and are sometimes not appropriate for school. Thus far, educational initiatives to educate youth about search, evaluation, or creation have depended greatly on the local circumstances for their success or failure. »

    URL : http://ssrn.com/abstract=2005272

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 7 January 2012 à 13 h 57 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , démocratisation, , ICT, , Union européenne   

    La démocratisation de l’Union européenne et l’utilisation d’Internet dans la politique de communication de l’Union européenne :

    « Alors que les avancées institutionnelles de l’Union européenne se caractérisent par une démocratisation du système politique européen, il demeure que l’Union européenne fait face à un problème de légitimité populaire. Ce manque de soutien populaire a été mis en avant comme résultant d’un  » déficit de communication  » des institutions européennes. Cette communication nous permettra de porter notre attention sur les principes organisationnels de la politique de communication de l’Union européenne en réalisant sa détermination collective et la marge de manœuvre limitée de la Commission européenne vis-à-vis de Etats membres pour  » communiquer l’Europe « . Ainsi, face à la responsabilité de la Commission et à son incapacité de contraindre les Etats membres d’appliquer la politique de communication déterminée collectivement, nous réaliserons que l’utilisation d’Internet s’avère être l’utilisation d’un objet technique de communication pour essayer de communiquer directement avec les citoyens en dépassant les  » gate keepers  » que sont les Etats membres afin de renforcer le caractère démocratique de l’Union européenne. »

    URL : http://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_00656332/fr/

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 14 November 2011 à 19 h 46 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: ICT,   

    History and structures of telecommunication in pathology, focusing on open access platforms :

    « Background: Telecommunication has matured to a broadly applied tool in diagnostic pathology.

    Technology and Systems: Contemporary with the development of fast electronic communication lines (Integrated digital network services (ISDN), broad band connections, and fibre optics, as well as the digital imaging technology (digital camera), telecommunication in tissue – based diagnosis (telepathology) has matured. Open access (internet) and server – based communication have induced the development of specific medical information platforms, such as iPATH, UICC-TPCC (telepathology consultation centre of the Union International against Cancer), or the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) teleconsultation system. They have been closed, and are subject to be replaced by specific open access forums (Medical Electronic Expert Communication System (MECES) with embedded virtual slide (VS) technology). MECES uses php language, data base driven mySqL architecture, X/L-AMPP infrastructure, and browser friendly W3C conform standards. »

    Experiences: The server – based medical communication systems (AFIP, iPATH, UICC-TPCC) have been reported to be a useful and easy to handle tool for expert consultation. Clients’ sampling, and evaluation of transmitted still images by experts revealed no or only minor differences to the original images and good practice of the involved experts. Beta tests with the new generation medical expert consultation systems (MECES) revealed superior results in terms of performance, still image viewing, and system handling, especially as this is closely related to the use of so – called social forums (facebook, youtube, etc.).

    Benefits and Expectations: In addition to the acknowledged advantages of the former established systems (assistance of pathologists working in developing countries, diagnosis confirmation, international information exchange, etc.), the new generation offers additional benefits such as acoustic information transfer, assistance in image screening, VS technology, and teaching in diagnostic sampling, judgement, and verification. »

    URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22059444

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 16 September 2011 à 17 h 35 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , ICT,   

    The Digital Scholar: How Technology Is Transforming Scholarly Practice :

    « While industries such as music, newspapers, film and publishing have seen radical changes in their business models and practices as a direct result of new technologies, higher education has so far resisted the wholesale changes we have seen elsewhere. However, a gradual and fundamental shift in the practice of academics is taking place. Every aspect of scholarly practice is seeing changes effected by the adoption and possibilities of new technologies. This book will explore these changes, their implications for higher education, the possibilities for new forms of scholarly practice and what lessons can be drawn from other sectors. »

    URL : http://www.bloomsburyacademic.com/view/DigitalScholar_9781849666275/book-ba-9781849666275.xml

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 22 April 2011 à 18 h 18 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , , ICT, school library   

    The evolving role of the school library and information centre in education in digital Europe :

    « The purpose of the research is to study the evolving role of the school library and information centre (SLIC) in primary and secondary education in digital Europe, not only in countries where schools have reached an advanced stage of usage of digital technology in education, but also in less advanced schools. This international research provides a bridge between two different disciplines – Comparative Education (Sociology) and Library and Information Science (LIS) – and attempts to provide information to both the educational and library communities throughout Europe regarding the role which SLICs play in the emerging educational global landscape and to determine whether or not these traditional, digital or virtual SLICs, and the work of the school librarian and information specialist, influence the quality of education and improve children’s learning outcomes at different levels. First of all, the study examines a sub-matrix known as the KILM (Kalsbeek Information Literacy Matrix), which was developed as part of an educational matrix between 1997 and 2008 at the Kalsbeek College in Woerden, the Netherlands. The educational matrix attempts to introduce and implement educational reforms, ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) usage, educational technology and new forms of learning throughout the school in a orderly fashion while maintaining a high level of educational quality. This sub-matrix (KILM) identifies the role of the SLIC during the application of the educational matrix. The study then looks at success criteria which became apparent during the application of the sub-matrix and asks whether or not it would be possible to apply similar strategies to other schools libraries and information centres, firstly at Dutch national level and then in school libraries throughout Europe. The staffing, facilities and conditions in school libraries and information centres which were studied vary greatly, however, thanks to the willingness of teachers, school librarians and (school) library associations to share information and data, it has become possible to identify common problems and present some solutions. »

    URL : http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/7329/

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 16 April 2011 à 23 h 08 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: ICT   

    The Global Information Technology Report 2010-2011 :

    « Sweden and Singapore continue to top the rankings of The Global Information Technology Report 2010-2011, Transformations 2.0, released by the World Economic Forum, confirming the leadership of the Nordic countries and the Asian Tiger economies in adopting and implementing ICT advances for increased growth and development. Finland jumps to third place, while Switzerland and the United States are steady in fourth and fifth place respectively. The 10th anniversary edition of the report focuses on ICT’s power to transform society in the next decade through modernization and innovation.

    The Nordic countries lead the way in leveraging ICT. With Denmark in 7th and Norway in 9th place, all are in the top 10, except for Iceland, which is ranked in 16th position. Led by Singapore in second place, the other Asian Tiger economies continue to make progress in the ranking, with both Taiwan, China and Korea improving five places to 6th and 10th respectively, and Hong Kong SAR following closely at 12th.

    With a record coverage of 138 economies worldwide, the report remains the world’s most comprehensive and authoritative international assessment of the impact of ICT on the development process and the competitiveness of nations. The Networked Readiness Index (NRI) featured in the report examines how prepared countries are to use ICT effectively on three dimensions: the general business, regulatory and infrastructure environment for ICT; the readiness of the three key societal actors individuals, businesses and governments to use and benefit from ICT; and their actual usage of available ICT.

    Under the theme Transformations 2.0, this 10th anniversary edition explores the coming transformations powered by ICT, with a focus on the impact they will have on individuals, businesses and governments over the next few years. »

    URL : http://www.weforum.org/reports/global-information-technology-report-2010-2011-0

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 1 March 2011 à 18 h 50 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , , globalisation, human and social realities, ICT, , mondialisation, myth, mythe, , réalités humaines et sociales, réseaux, , technologies, TIC, utopie, utopy   

    Les « trois horloges » de la « société de l’information ». De la disharmonie à la rupture ? :

    « Ecrit en 2007, après le Sommet Mondial de la Société de l’Information, organisé à Tunis en 2005, ce texte propose une réflexion approfondie et originale. Il a aujourd’hui, en ce début 2011, une pertinence renforcée qui donne à réfléchir sur notre “Société de l’information”. Avec la mondialisation, les TIC sont devenues prééminentes. Le « DigiWorld » incluant notamment le secteur des télécommunications, focalisé autour des technologies, connaît une croissance exponentielle. L’horloge technologique rythme la dynamique de la SI à une cadence très élevée. Cette « horloge » imprime le tempo de l’économie mondiale. L’horloge économique suit le mouvement. Les nouvelles lois de l’économie et des réseaux imposent leurs mécanismes. L’économie des réseaux précise en particulier que « les forts se renforcent » et que « les faibles s’affaiblissent ». Inexorablement. La rupture, visible à Tunis en 2005, entre les différents pavillons du Sommet Mondial de la Société de l’Information, est manifeste. La troisième horloge, l’horloge « humaine et sociale » montre qu’une majorité de l’humanité peine à s’approprier les technologies, à les rendre « utilisables ». Cette horloge peut-elle être remise à l’heure ou bien les écarts ne sont-ils pas destinés à s’accroître ? L’essor des TIC n’a en aucune façon conduit à une résorption des fractures, contrairement à ce qui a été longtemps annoncé et qui reste une opinion dominante. Les TIC ne sont pas synonymes d’information, de connaissance et, de façon évidente, ne sont pas associées à une qualité de l’information améliorée. Au contraire, les fractures s’approfondissent. Nous avons montré la disharmonie, la rupture croissante et d’une ampleur extrême entre les horloges technologique et économique d’une part et l’horloge humaine et sociale d’autre part. »

    URL : http://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_00570588/fr/

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    • Hans Dillaerts le 1 mars 2011 à 18 h 51 min Permalien | Connectez-vous pour répondre

      Summary in English :

      « This text gives a relevant analysis of the digital divide. Writen after the World Summitt of the Society Information in Tunis it explains why the rise of the Information technologies and the network mechanisms which characterised the information economy (positive feedback makes the strong grw stronger and the weak weaker) leads to rupture ansd disharmony. In fact our world is influenced by three clocks; the technological which is accelerating, the economical clock which follows the technological one and the human and social one , far behind. Then disharmonies and ruptures characterised our societies. »

  • Hans Dillaerts le 15 January 2011 à 13 h 59 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: Democracy, ICT, Office for Promotion of Parliamentary Democracy, Parliament   

    Information and Communication Technologies in Parliament – Tools for Democracy :

    « Parliaments in a democracy must be efficient in their operations, transparent in their actions and have strong ties to their citizens. This second booklet in the new Office for Promotion of Parliamentary Democracy (OPPD) series offers a roadmap for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) managers and other parliamentary officials responsible for overseeing ICT to assist them in the planning and development of computer and communication systems to support their respective legislative assemblies. »

    URL : http://www.epractice.eu/en/library/5268569

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