Le livre numérique en bibliothèques, entre absences et attentions. Études des formes de rematérialisation d’offres réputées immatérielles

Auteurs/Authors : Marie Doga, Olivier Zerbib

Comment se dessinent les offres de livres numériques qui sont actuellement ou seront proposées demain aux usagers des bibliothèques ? Si le livre numérique est réputé immatériel, le faire entrer dans les catalogues des bibliothèques exige des opérations qui, quant à elles, s’inscrivent dans des dispositifs sociotechniques, des interactions, des organisations, des savoir-faire ou bien encore des usages loin d’être évanescents.

Ce sont notamment ces allers-retours incessants entre éditeurs, distributeurs, agrégateurs de contenus, médiateurs et usagers, sans oublier les représentants des différentes tutelles nationales ou locales, qui conforment les offres de livres numériques et les usages qui sont susceptibles d’en être faits.

La numérisation bouscule les notions d’acquisition, de fonds documentaires ou bien encore de pérennité d’accès. Comment les professionnels se réapproprient-ils les règles de ce nouveau marché ?

Les institutions publiques que sont les bibliothèques constituent d’excellents observatoires de cette innovation en train de se faire que constitue le livre numérique, cela d’autant plus que cette dernière s’inscrit dans la continuité d’une série d’autres adaptations ayant transformé les bibliothèques durant les dernières décennies.

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01492516

From publishers to self-publishing: The disruptive effects of digitalisation on the book industry

Authors : Morten Hviid, Sabine Jacques, Sofia Izquierdo Sanchez

This paper explores the structure of the book publishing industry post-digitalisation. We argue that the introduction of successful e-book readers has belatedly given digitalisation the characteristics of a disruptive technology by making self-publishing a serious option for authors.

This has been supported by the entry of new types of intermediaries and the
strengthening of others. These changes have reduced the overall complexities for an author to get a book self-published.

As a result, a larger share of the surplus from the book industry is likely going to authors, explaining the significant increase in the supply of books. The potential over-supply of books has created a new problem by making consumer search more difficult.

We argue that digitalisation has shifted the potential market failure from inadequate supply of books to asymmetric information about quality.

It remains to be seen whether the market will provide appropriate intermediaries to solve the associated asymmetric information problem and, if not, what appropriate interventions should be contemplated.

URL : https://zenodo.org/record/321609/files/CREATe-Working-Paper-2017-06.pdf

A Two-Step Model for Assessing Relative Interest in E-books Compared to Print

Librarians often wish to know whether readers in a particular discipline favor e-books or print books. Because print circulation and e-book usage statistics are not directly comparable, it can be hard to determine the relative interest of readers in the two types of books. This study demonstrates a two-step method by which librarians can assess the appeal of books in various formats.

First, a nominal assessment of use or nonuse is performed; this eliminates the difficulty of comparing print circulation to e-book usage statistics.

Then, the comparison of actual use to Percentage of Expected Use (PEU) is made. By examining the distance between PEU of e-books to PEU of print books in a discipline, librarians can determine whether patrons have a strong preference for one format over another.

URL : http://m.crl.acrl.org/content/77/1/20

Scholarly E-book Across Disciplines: Content Analysis of Usage Reports and Search Terms

« Data collected through COUNTER usage statistics and the LibQUAL+ service quality assessment survey tell us that faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates value access to the growing e-book collection at Columbia University Libraries (CUL). While the aggregate results indicate that e-book use continues to increase, usage rates are not uniform across disciplines. Anecdotal evidence suggests that while e-book use has grown in the sciences and social sciences, scholars in the arts and humanities rely heavily on print books. Given the highly diverse research needs of the university community, CUL is keen to understand scholarly e-book usage in various disciplines.

In this study, we sought an innovative research method to understand e-book usage. This method utilizes data from two sources: readers’ e -book search terms harvested by Google Analytics; and requested e-book titles provided by the COUNTER e-book usage reports. The data was analyzed using NVivo, a qualitative analysis software, to examine popular scholarly e-book topics and the correlation between search and delivery. »

URL : http://academicworks.cuny.edu/ols_proceedings_lac/4/

Ebooks in education : Realising the vision

« Ebooks are coming of age in education, as this exciting collection commissioned by Jisc demonstrates.

Case studies, reflecting ebook success stories across the higher and further education sectors, include:

  • An innovative app to encourage ebook take-up in a Welsh college.
  • A partnership between a library and research centre to create open access monographs and midigraphs.
  • Several examples of creative negotiations with ebook publishers.

Insight chapters address hot topics in the ebook universe, including:

  • The changing world of access to scholarly digital content in the mobile environment.
  • The challenges faced by the library as online distance learning moves from margin to mainstream.
  • How ebooks have the potential to meet a wide range of accessibility needs.
  • Experimentation with ebooks as a shared service.

This collection will provide inspiration and guidance to institutions as they develop projects and services to support students and researchers and will be of interest to library practitioners, publishers, ebook vendors, information professionals, teachers, lecturers and students. »

URL : http://microblogging.infodocs.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/12-3-123-1-10-20141114.pdf

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/bal

A Review of Public Library E-Lending Models

« The market for e-books and digital content is continually evolving and adapting, while simultaneously becoming increasingly global in terms of its interdependence and reach. Whilst many determinants of this evolving and decentralised information environment are beyond the control of any one actor, institution or organisation – there is significant scope for libraries to act as the architects of their own future by learning from the diverse spectrum of international e-lending experiences and practices to evaluate which models (and their components) deliver the best outcomes for library users. These e-lending business models include:

  • Library-managed platforms for hosting owned digital content
  • Library-managed platforms for aggregating multiple sources of licensed digital content
  • Third party platforms which offer either of the two services above
  • Library-led licensing arrangements with publishers, authors or aggregators (either through consortia or on an individual library system basis)

This research project will seek to produce a comparative analysis of different national/regional e-lending business models to identify key environmental, political, cultural, financial and logistical factors which are capable of fostering sustainable approaches to supporting e-lending and public access to digital content. It will endeavour to map a number of actors and initiatives across the international e-lending landscape as well as the common barriers which may restrict the future development of effective e-lending business models.

Whilst the resulting report will necessarily approach the e-lending landscape from a library standpoint, it will also attempt to evaluate the benefits and drawbacks of each approach from the perspective of library users, publishers and authors – given that any viable long-term solutions in this space must effectively address the holistic concerns of all stakeholders. »

URL : A Review of Public Library E – Lending Models

Alternative URL : http://stichting.bibliotheek.nl/content/dam/landelijk/stichting/bestanden/Rapporten-Public-Library-e-Lending-Models.pdf

E-book Reading and its Impact on Academic Status of Students at Payame Noor University, Iran

« The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of taking advantage of electronic books on the academic progress of students at Payame Noor University, Iran. This research is of descriptive and survey methodology. The statistical population includes the students of public administration in Shiraz Payame Noor University, who are studying in the academic year 2013-2014. 142 students have been chosen by simple random sampling. Results indicated that use of electronic resources causes a meaningful difference to be created in several contexts such as academic progress, variety of learning resources, flexibility while learning, and learning effectiveness between the students of virtual and conventional programs. »

URL : http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/1170/