Author : Yongyan Li
The value of including a research component in medical students’ training programs has been widely recognized. Nevertheless, examples of how this may be done are rarely found in the literature.
The case study reported in this short paper aimed to address this gap in the literature by investigating how a group of postgraduate students attached to the Orthopedics Department of a major hospital in China engaged in research for publication.
Fourteen students were interviewed, and their “mission lists” were analyzed to reveal the students’ research profiles, the sources of their research ideas, and their data collection activities.
The study showed that the students pursued more clinical than basic research topics, their research topics often fell under their immediate supervisors’ larger projects, and the students were actively engaged in the gathering of research data on the wards and at the outpatient clinic.
The reported study does not claim generalizability of its findings. More of such reports from various settings in different parts of the world are needed to enhance constructive exchanges and mutual learning.
URL : Chinese Postgraduate Medical Students Researching for Publication
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/publications4030025
Authors : Jeremy Kenyon, Nancy Sprague, Edward Flathers
The practice of publishing supplementary materials with journal articles is becoming increasingly prevalent across the sciences.
We sought to understand better the content of these materials by investigating the differences between the supplementary materials published by authors in the geosciences and plant sciences.
We conducted a random stratified sampling of four articles from each of 30 journals published in 2013. In total, we examined 297 supplementary data files for a range of different factors.
We identified many similarities between the practices of authors in the two fields, including the formats used (Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, PDFs) and the small size of the files.
There were differences identified in the content of the supplementary materials: the geology materials contained more maps and machine-readable data; the plant science materials included much more tabular data and multimedia content.
Our results suggest that the data shared through supplementary files in these fields may not lend itself to reuse. Code and related scripts are not often shared, nor is much ‘raw’ data. Instead, the files often contain summary data, modified for human reading and use.
Given these and other differences, our results suggest implications for publishers, librarians, and authors, and may require shifts in behavior if effective data sharing is to be realized.
URL : The Journal Article as a Means to Share Data: a Content Analysis of Supplementary Materials from Two Disciplines
DOI : http://doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.2112
Authors : Joachim Schöpfel, Hélène Prost
The paper presents results from a campus-wide survey at the University of Lille (France) on research data management in social sciences and humanities.
The survey received 270 responses, equivalent to 15% of the whole sample of scientists, scholars, PhD students, administrative and technical staff (research management, technical support services); all disciplines were represented.
The responses show a wide variety of practice and usage. The results are discussed regarding job status and disciplines and compared to other surveys. Four groups can be distinguished, i.e. pioneers (20-25%), motivated (25-30%), unaware (30%) and reluctant (5-10%).
Finally, the next steps to improve the research data management on the campus are presented.
URL : Research data management in social sciences and humanities: A survey at the University of Lille (France)
Alternative location : http://libreas.eu/ausgabe29/09schoepfel/
Authors : Phuong Dzung Pho, Thi Minh Phuong Tran
Publishing scientific research is very important in contributing to the knowledge of a discipline and in sharing research findings among scientists. Based on the quantity and quality of publications, one can evaluate the research capacity of a researcher or the research performance of a university or a country.
However, the number of quality publications in Vietnam is very low in comparison with those in the other countries in the region or in the world, especially in the fields of social sciences and humanities.
Employing both quantitative and qualitative approaches, the current study investigates university lecturers’ attitudes towards research and publication and the obstacles to local and international publication at one of the main universities in social sciences and humanities in Vietnam.
The study found the main barriers to publication are funding and time for research and publication, among many other obstacles. From the analysis of the data, the study would also argue that lecturers’ obstacles to publication may vary across faculties (or disciplines), ages, qualifications, education, research and publication experience.
The findings in this study may be applied to other institutions in Vietnam or in other countries where English is used as a foreign language.
URL : Obstacles to Scholarly Publishing in the Social Sciences and Humanities: A Case Study of Vietnamese Scholars
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/publications4030019
Author : Yi Shen
This paper presents the results of a research data assessment and landscape study in the institutional context of Virginia Tech to determine the data sharing and reuse practices of academic faculty researchers.
Through mapping the level of user engagement in “openness of data,” “openness of methodologies and workflows,” and “reuse of existing data,” this study contributes to the current knowledge in data sharing and open access, and supports the strategic development of institutional data stewardship.
Asking faculty researchers to self-reflect sharing and reuse from both data producers’ and data users’ perspectives, the study reveals a significant gap between the rather limited sharing activities and the highly perceived reuse or repurpose values regarding data, indicating that potential values of data for future research are lost right after the original work is done.
The localized and sporadic data management and documentation practices of researchers also contribute to the obstacles they themselves often encounter when reusing existing data.
URL : Research Data Sharing and Reuse Practices of Academic Faculty Researchers: A Study of the Virginia Tech Data Landscape
Alternative location : http://www.ijdc.net/index.php/ijdc/article/view/10.2.157
Author: Deborah H. Charbonneau, Joan E. Beaudoin
This article reports the results of a study examining the state of data guidance provided to authors by 50 oncology journals. The purpose of the study was the identification of data practices addressed in the journals’ policies.
While a number of studies have examined data sharing practices among researchers, little is known about how journals address data sharing. Thus, what was discovered through this study has practical implications for journal publishers, editors, and researchers.
The findings indicate that journal publishers should provide more meaningful and comprehensive data guidance to prospective authors. More specifically, journal policies requiring data sharing, should direct researchers to relevant data repositories, and offer better metadata consultation to strengthen existing journal policies.
By providing adequate guidance for authors, and helping investigators to meet data sharing mandates, scholarly journal publishers can play a vital role in advancing access to research data.
URL : State of Data Guidance in Journal Policies: A Case Study in Oncology
Alternative location : http://www.ijdc.net/index.php/ijdc/article/view/10.2.136
Créées en 1949, les Annales de l’institut Fourier (aif) sont une revue internationale en mathématiques fondamentales gérée par l’institut Fourier, à Grenoble. Forte d’un haut niveau d’exigence, elle reçoit chaque année environ 300 soumissions et publie entre 80 et 90 articles, dans six fascicules, ce qui représente un peu plus de 2700 pages.
Les soumissions des jeunes chercheurs, en particulier français, sont particulièrement appréciées. La revue est un des fleurons du laboratoire et constitue une vitrine scientifique internationale.
Elle compte ainsi parmi les membres de son comité de rédaction deux femmes (Maryam Mirzakhani et Christine Lescop) et deux lauréats de la médaille Fields (Maryam Mirzakhani et Stanislas Smirnov).
Comme nous allons le voir, la revue a toujours suivi le fonctionnement d’une revue académique « classique ». En 2015, les aif ont fait le choix du libre accès : comment cette évolution a-t-elle été possible ?
URL : http://smf4.emath.fr/Publications/Gazette/2016/147/smf_gazette_147_14-18.pdf