Réflexions documentaires et archivistiques sur les données d’opération archéologique et leur exploitation à l’échelle des territoires. Structuration des données numériques à l’Inrap Centre-Val de Loire

Auteurs/Authors : Emilie Trébuchet, Philippe Salé, Isabelle Gidelle

Le diagnostic archéologique produit une documentation scientifique croissante depuis 30 ans, comme en témoignent les rapports d’opération. Les archéologues la réutilisent de plus en plus systématiquement dans le cadre de projets de recherche ou de synthèses sur des territoires.

Cet article met en avant une proposition d’organisation des données numériques d’opération, élaborée à l’Inrap Centre-Val de Loire entre 2012 et 2017, dans une perspective de gestion, d’archivage et de mise à disposition facilités.

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01853131

Open Source Archaeology: Ethics and Practice

‘Open Source Archaeology: Ethics and Practice’ brings together authors and researchers in the field of open-source archaeology, defined as encompassing the ethical imperative for open public access to the results of publicly-funded research; practical solutions to open-data projects; open-source software applications in archaeology; public information sharing projects in archaeology; open-GIS; and the open-context system of data management and sharing.

This edited volume is designed to discuss important issues around open access to data and software in academic and commercial archaeology, as well as to summarise both the current state of theoretical engagement, and technological development in the field of open-archaeology.

URL : http://www.degruyter.com/view/product/460080

Googling the Grey: Open Data, Web Servic…

Googling the Grey: Open Data, Web Services, and Semantics :

« Primary data, though an essential resource for supporting authoritative archaeological narratives, rarely enters the public record. Lack of primary data publication is also a major obstacle to cultural heritage preservation and the goals of cultural resource management (CRM). Moreover, access to primary data is key to contesting claims about the past and to the formulation of credible alternative interpretations. In response to these concerns, experimental systems have implemented a variety of strategies to support online publication of primary data. Online data dissemination can be a powerful tool to meet the needs of CRM professionals, establish better communication and collaborative ties with colleagues in academic settings, and encourage public engagement with the documented record of the past. This paper introduces the ArchaeoML standard and its implementation in the Open Context system. As will be discussed, the integration and online dissemination of primary data offer great opportunities for making archaeological knowledge creation more participatory and transparent. However, different strategies in this area involve important trade-offs, and all face complex conceptual, ethical, legal, and professional challenges. »

URL : http://www.springerlink.com/content/c259133070q276vg/fulltext.html