The Educational Value of Truly Interactive Science Publishing

« Interactive Scientific Publishing (ISP) has been developed by the Optical Society of America with support from the National Library of Medicine at NIH. It allows authors to electronically publish papers which are linked to the referenced 2D and 3D original image datasets. These image datasets can then be viewed and analyzed interactively by the reader. ISP provides the software for authors to assemble and link their source data to their publication. But more important is that it provides readers with image viewing and analysis tools. The goal of ISP is to improve learning and understanding of the presented information. This paper describes ISP and its effect on learning and understanding. ISP was shown to have enough educational value that readers were willing to invest in the required set–up and learning phases. The social aspects of data sharing and the enlarged review process may be the hardest obstacles to overcome. »

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0018.201

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Hybrid Review: Taking SoTL Beyond Traditional Peer Review for Journal Publication

« Developments in emergent technology offer innovative solutions for facilitating a hybrid review process; we examine a unique combination of private–peer and open–public review uniquely relevant for disseminating the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) through development of the Journal of Instructional Research (JIR). An analysis of the hybrid review process (combining the strengths of traditional peer review with an integrative public review process) revealed substantial reviewer participation that contributed to a well–rounded, engaged review process. Public review feedback constructively addressed the value and relevance of the implications, methodology, content and written quality of the manuscripts; an additional layer of private, peer review further refined the manuscripts to determine suitability for publication. This, in turn, created a space where refinement of content, structure, and design of SoTL research was achieved through an interactive process of scholarly inquiry and dialogue. »

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0018.202

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Faire parler les données des bibliothèques : du Big Data à la visualisation de données

« Cette étude se penche sur les enjeux de la réutilisation des données des bibliothèques à l’ère du Big Data. En ce qui concerne la production de connaissances sur le monde des bibliothèques et de l’information, les technologies d’analyse du Big Data, contrairement à ce que prétendent les discours qui peuvent parfois les accompagner, ne réduisent pas les biais et présupposés inhérents aux statistiques traditionnelles. Cependant, la visualisation de données, telle que revue et critiquée par les Humanités Numériques, pourrait permettre de prendre en compte d’une manière beaucoup plus centrale la nature fondamentalement politique des bibliothèques. Regardant le pilotage des établissements documentaires, certains auteurs appellent à fonder les décisions non sur les données et chiffres mais sur l’analyse de données. De fait, l’ouverture de la profession de bibliothécaire sur la science des données pourrait être un bon moyen de faire évoluer les méthodes d’évaluation et de pilotage. La visualisation est un moyen ludique d’apprendre l’analyse de donnée et permet de communiquer efficacement sur l’activité de l’établissement. En dernier lieu, les discours actuels accompagnant l’ère du numérique font l’apologie d’un accès individualisé et fragmenté à l’information qui permettrait de se passer des biais inhérents à toute classification universelle. Néanmoins, ces biais sont transposé dans les algorithmes de recherche de l’information. Dès lors, il devient nécessaire de penser un système de navigation qui exprime ce biais et le soumette davantage à une discussion : transformer un catalogue de bibliothèque en data game pourrait être une solution pour exprimer de manière ludique la métaphore sous-jacente à toute organisation des connaissances. »

URL : http://microblogging.infodocs.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/lapotre2014.pdf

URL alternative : http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/65117-faire-parler-les-donnees-des-bibliotheques-du-big-data-a-la-visualisation-de-donnees

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What Drives Academic Data Sharing?

« Despite widespread support from policy makers, funding agencies, and scientific journals, academic researchers rarely make their research data available to others. At the same time, data sharing in research is attributed a vast potential for scientific progress. It allows the reproducibility of study results and the reuse of old data for new research questions. Based on a systematic review of 98 scholarly papers and an empirical survey among 603 secondary data users, we develop a conceptual framework that explains the process of data sharing from the primary researcher’s point of view. We show that this process can be divided into six descriptive categories: Data donor, research organization, research community, norms, data infrastructure, and data recipients. Drawing from our findings, we discuss theoretical implications regarding knowledge creation and dissemination as well as research policy measures to foster academic collaboration. We conclude that research data cannot be regarded as knowledge commons, but research policies that better incentivise data sharing are needed to improve the quality of research results and foster scientific progress. »

URL : What Drives Academic Data Sharing?

DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0118053

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Accompagner les citoyens dans l’acquisition d’une culture numérique : le rôle des bibliothèques de lecture publique dans la formation au numérique

« Ce mémoire étudie l’opportunité pour les bibliothèques d’aider les citoyens à améliorer leur culture numérique. Depuis les années 1990, les politiques publiques se sont appliquées, en France, à donner accès à tous aux technologies numériques, sur la base de théories aujourd’hui remises en cause comme la « fracture numérique » ou les « natifs du numérique ». Les premières institutions à avoir proposé une formation, non seulement aux usages de base des principaux logiciels, mais également à des compétences numériques et à une réflexion critique, ont été les Espaces Publics Numériques (EPN). Bien que ce label puisse s’appliquer à des bibliothèques, la plupart d’entre elles commencent seulement à s’emparer de cette mission. Savoir s’il s’agit d’une mission prioritaire – et donc, quelles ressources peuvent y être affectées –, quelles sont leurs forces et faiblesses, quels partenariats elles peuvent et devraient développer, etc., nécessite encore une réflexion coordonnée au niveau national, mais également à l’échelle des territoires. »

URL : http://microblogging.infodocs.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/tur2015.pdf

URL alternative : http://www.enssib.fr/bibliotheque-numerique/notices/65114-accompagner-les-citoyens-dans-l-acquisition-d-une-culture-numerique-le-role-des-bibliotheques-de-lecture-publique-dans-la-formation-au-numerique

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Persistent, Global Identity for Scientists via ORCID

« Scientists have an inherent interest in claiming their contributions to the scholarly record, but the fragmented state of identity management across the landscape of astronomy, physics, and other fields makes highlighting the contributions of any single individual a formidable and often frustratingly complex task. The problem is exacerbated by the expanding variety of academic research products and the growing footprints of large collaborations and interdisciplinary teams. In this essay, we outline the benefits of a unique scholarly identifier with persistent value on a global scale and we review astronomy and physics engagement with the Open Researcher and Contributor iD (ORCID) service as a solution. »

URL : http://arxiv.org/abs/1502.06274

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The Future of Reading and Academic Libraries

« The e-book is raising fundamental questions around the dynamics and habits of reading; the role of books in the academic library; and the role of librarians in addressing new realities of reading and learning. Print and digital texts foster different styles of reading and different ways of thinking and doing research. This paper examines implications of the shift from print to digital reading and how academic libraries in particular should respond. Academic libraries should treat print and electronic books as complementary, not interchangeable, and commit themselves to maintaining hybrid collections that support the full range of learning and research styles. »

URL : https://www.ruor.uottawa.ca/handle/10393/32056

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Measuring the qualitative evidence to demonstrate the Value of Usage Data Report for Consortia based E-Subscriptions: the basis for Stakeholders

« In consortia business, the value proposition of consortia often focuses on the benefits of their stakeholder (including Library, Librarian, Publisher, Vendors and Intermediaries) that they received in return on their investment for e-subscriptions. This article takes a close look at usage statistics and assesses its role in effective measurement of various concerns of consortium. The paper also discusses about usage data reports to formulate uniform metrics for monitoring the continuous improvement in utilizing of various subscribed e-resources to give justice to investment portfolios, benchmark the standard of e-resources, cost effective utilization of e-resources and track user behavior and preferences for e-resources use. »

URL : http://eprints.rclis.org/24607/

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Stories and Statistics from Library-led Publishing

« Library-led publishing is one of the new approaches to journal publishing and open access that has grown tremendously in the last few years. A 2010 MLIS-funded survey found that 55% of respondents—from U.S. academic libraries of all different types and sizes—were already implementing or developing a publishing program. Library-led publishing has garnered such momentum because, by offering low- or no-cost publishing to university scholars, it addresses needs that traditional publishing has not been able to meet. This article presents a series of small case studies to illustrate different journals that have benefited from the library-publishing model: a journal that struggled to find an affordable publisher in its emerging field; a small society journal that could no longer afford to support itself in print; society publications that go beyond the traditional journal format; a student journal with a revolving editorial board. »

URL : http://works.bepress.com/casey_busher/5/

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Peer review: still king in the digital age

« The article presents one of the main findings of an international study of 4,000 academic researchers that examined how trustworthiness is determined in the digital environment when it comes to scholarly reading, citing, and publishing. The study shows that peer review is still the most trustworthy characteristic of all. There is, though, a common perception that open access journals are not peer reviewed or do not have proper peer-review systems. Researchers appear to have moved inexorably from a print-based system to a digital system, but it has not significantly changed the way they decide what to trust. They do not trust social media. Only a minority – although significantly mostly young and early career researchers – thought that social media are anything other than more appropriate to personal interactions and peripheral to their professional/academic lives. There are other significant differences, according to the age of the researcher. Thus, in regard to choosing an outlet for publication of their work, young researchers are much less concerned with the fact that it is peer reviewed. »

URL : http://ciber-research.eu/download/20140120-Peer_review-Learned_Publishing_2015.pdf

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