Perception du libre accès et facteurs d’appropriation des archives ouvertes en contexte français: étude comparée de deux communautés disciplinaires contrastées

« Cette proposition s’intéresse aux facteurs d’appropriation des archives ouvertes pour deux communautés scientifiques distinctes (économie, sciences de la mer), dans le contexte français. S’appuyant sur deux études de terrains contrastés, ce travail interroge notamment la variable disciplinaire ainsi que la complémentarité entre logiques de communauté et logiques institutionnelles, permettant de dégager des apports structurels transférables à d’autres contextes. »

URL : http://icoa2014.sciencesconf.org/37822

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , , , | Laisser un commentaire

Cartographie des connaissances pour une visibilité scientifique numérique des universités africaines : le cas de l’Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (Ucad)

« Cet article présente les enjeux de la visibilité numérique de l’activité scientifique des universités africaines. Il part d’un constat selon lequel celles-ci sous le poids de la massification et du rétrécissement des moyens négligent un pan entier de leur mission : la recherche. Ceci contraste avec ce besoin de visibilité scientifique, gage de reconnaissance internationale. À partir d’une étude bibliométrique, cet article analyse l’état de déliquescence de la recherche à l’UCAD tout en essayant de démontrer l’opportunité qu’offrent l’édition numérique et l’Open Access. »

URL : http://icoa2014.sciencesconf.org/37916

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , , , | Laisser un commentaire

Accompagner les établissements universitaires français dans la mise en place de leur politique Open Access : le rôle du GTAO (Couperin)

« Les 5e Journées Open Access, les 24 et 25 janvier 2013, ont marqué un temps fort du débat sur le libre accès en France, tant auprès des institutions de recherche que des chercheurs. Elles représentent un pas en avant dans la généralisation du libre accès en France. C’est dans ce contexte que le consortium Couperin a confié au GTAO (Groupe de Travail sur l’Accès Ouvert) des missions visant à accompagner les établissements dans la mise en place de leur politique de libre accès. Cet article présentera la place du GTAO dans le paysage français, son fonctionnement et ses objectifs, ainsi qu’un point d’étape des actions entreprises. »

URL : http://icoa2014.sciencesconf.org/37828

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , | Laisser un commentaire

Politique (s) du libre accès en Algérie : état des lieux et perspectives

« Le mouvement du libre accès a accomplit en un court laps de temps des progrès et des avancées très significatifs. Il a pour origine et a coïncidé avec l’extraordinaire développement d’Internet au début des années 90.Ce mouvement dont l’origine se situe dans les pays développés n’en est pas moins une aubaine pour les pays en développement pour ce qu’ils leur offre comme facilité d’accès à l’information de par Internet. Malgré cette manne, ces pays souffrent d’un retard aussi bien structurel qu’organisationnel ne leur permettant pas de tirer le maximum de bénéfice. L’Algerie classée comme pays a revenu intermédiaire ne semble pas pleinement profiter ni être consciente des bienfaits du libre accès. A coté d’une connectivité Internet loin d’être performante en termes de bande passante et en fiabilité, les programmes ne sont pas très nombreux et ne semblent pas bénéficier de tous les moyens qu’ils devraient attirer ni être gérés de la manière la meilleure. D’un autre coté, le concept lui-même n’est pas très bien assimilé par ceux la même qui sont supposés en être les bénéficiaires. De plus, malgré les moyens mis à la disposition des institutions, les statistiques concernant les deux pans du libre accès (journaux électroniques et archives ouvertes) ne sont pas encourageants et ne reflètent pas les moyens aussi bien matériels qu’humains dont dispose le pays. Des institutions clés comme le CERIST et le Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique doivent travailler en coordination afin de canaliser les efforts et profiter des programmes internationaux visant à insérer les pays en voie de développement dans le mouvement du libre accès. »

URL : http://icoa2014.sciencesconf.org/36289

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , , , | Laisser un commentaire

Performance of Mandated Institutional Repositories

« More and more Institutional Repositories are developed to promote the Green Open Access of research output (especially peer-reviewed journal articles). Since 2001, some institutions became adopting mandate policies aiming to mandate self-archiving by authors affiliated to these institutions This study was conducted in April, 2014 based on institutional mandates indexed by ROARMAP (the Registry of Open Access Repositories’ Mandatory Archiving Policies). A robot was developed to harvest IRs and check the status of articles (Open Access, Restricted Access or Metadata Only) and to extract the deposit date of article full-texts in IR. This study aims to analyse the performance of mandated institutional repositories from all over the world, especially in terms of deposit rates and deposit latency (difference between date of deposit and date of publication). »

URL : http://icoa2014.sciencesconf.org/38075

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , , , , , , , | Laisser un commentaire

A Survey of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Mathematics Faculty Regarding Author Fees in Open Access Journals

« Discussions of the potential of open access publishing frequently must contend with the skepticism of research authors regarding the need to pay author fees (also known as publication fees). With that in mind, the authors undertook a survey of faculty, postdocs, and graduate students in physical science, mathematics, and engineering fields at two research universities (Cornell University and Syracuse University) asking for their experience with and opinion of paying author fees for publication of research in open access journals. The results of this survey indicated that most respondents had not decided against publishing in an open access journal due to the author fee requirement. Those who had paid them only requested or received coverage for those fees in grant line-items or from institutional sources in a few cases. Responses seemed to combine cautious optimism about open access journals with intense skepticism about their quality and intense opposition to the idea of having to pay any additional costs from their own pockets. »

URL : http://www.istl.org/14-fall/refereed1.html

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , , , , , , | Laisser un commentaire

‘Total cost of ownership’ of scholarly communication: managing subscription and APC payments together

« Managing subscription journals and open access charges together has created challenges which may in part be dealt with by offsetting the two revenue streams against each other. In order to do this, it is necessary to have reliable financial data about the extent of the two interacting markets. Jisc Collections has been undertaking data collection regarding universities’ article publication charge (APC) expenditure. This process is difficult without a standardized way of recording data, so Jisc Collections has developed a standard data collection template and is helping institutions to release data openly. If available data become more comprehensive and transparent, then all parties (libraries, publishers, research funders, and intermediaries) will have better knowledge of the APC market and can more accurately predict the effects of offsetting. »

URL : ‘Total cost of ownership’ of scholarly communication

DOI: 10.1087/20140103

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , , , | Laisser un commentaire

On the Shoulders of Giants: The Growing Impact of Older Articles

« In this paper, we examine the evolution of the impact of older scholarly articles. We attempt to answer four questions. First, how often are older articles cited and how has this changed over time. Second, how does the impact of older articles vary across different research fields. Third, is the change in the impact of older articles accelerating or slowing down. Fourth, are these trends different for much older articles.
To answer these questions, we studied citations from articles published in 1990-2013. We computed the fraction of citations to older articles from articles published each year as the measure of impact. We considered articles that were published at least 10 years before the citing article as older articles. We computed these numbers for 261 subject categories and 9 broad areas of research. Finally, we repeated the computation for two other definitions of older articles, 15 years and older and 20 years and older.
There are three conclusions from our study. First, the impact of older articles has grown substantially over 1990-2013. In 2013, 36% of citations were to articles that are at least 10 years old; this fraction has grown 28% since 1990. The fraction of older citations increased over 1990-2013 for 7 out of 9 broad areas and 231 out of 261 subject categories. Second, the increase over the second half (2002-2013) was double the increase in the first half (1990-2001).
Third, the trend of a growing impact of older articles also holds for even older articles. In 2013, 21% of citations were to articles >= 15 years old with an increase of 30% since 1990 and 13% of citations were to articles >= 20 years old with an increase of 36%.
Now that finding and reading relevant older articles is about as easy as finding and reading recently published articles, significant advances aren’t getting lost on the shelves and are influencing work worldwide for years after. »

URL : http://arxiv.org/abs/1411.0275

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , | Laisser un commentaire

The Scholarly Communications Needs of Faculty: An Evidence-Based Foundation for the Development of Library Services

« Objectives – This exploratory research seeks to broadly understand the publishing behaviours and attitudes of faculty, across all disciplines, at the University of Saskatchewan in response to the growing significance of open access publishing and archiving. The objective for seeking this understanding is to discover the current and emerging needs of researchers in order to determine if scholarly communications services are in demand here and, if so, to provide an evidence-based foundation for the potential future development of such a program of services at the University Library, University of Saskatchewan.

Methods – All faculty members at the University of Saskatchewan were sent personalized email invitations to participate in a short online survey during the month of November 2012. The survey was composed of four parts: Current Research and Publishing Activities/Behaviours; Open Access Behaviours, Awareness, and Attitudes; Needs Assessment; and Demographics. Descriptive and inferential statistics were calculated.

Results – The survey elicited 291 complete responses – a 21.9% response rate. Results suggest that faculty already have a high level of support for the open access movement, and considerable awareness of it. However, there remains a lack of knowledge regarding their rights as authors, a low familiarity with tools available to support them in their scholarly communications activities, and substantial resistance to paying the article processing charges of some open access journals. Survey respondents also provided a considerable number of comments – perhaps an indication of their engagement with these issues and desire for a forum in which to discuss them. It is reasonable to speculate that those who chose not to respond to this survey likely have less interest in, and support of, open access. Hence, the scholarly communications needs of this larger group of non-respondents are conceivably even greater.

Conclusion – Faculty at the University of Saskatchewan are in considerable need of scholarly communications services. Areas of most need include: advice and guidance on authors’ rights issues such as retention of copyright; more education and support with resources such as subject repositories; and additional assistance with article processing charges. The University Library could play a valuable role in increasing the research productivity and impact of faculty by aiding them in these areas. »

URL : The Scholarly Communications Needs of Faculty

Alternative URL : http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/EBLIP/article/view/21764

 

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , , , , | Laisser un commentaire

A Review of Public Library E-Lending Models

« The market for e-books and digital content is continually evolving and adapting, while simultaneously becoming increasingly global in terms of its interdependence and reach. Whilst many determinants of this evolving and decentralised information environment are beyond the control of any one actor, institution or organisation – there is significant scope for libraries to act as the architects of their own future by learning from the diverse spectrum of international e-lending experiences and practices to evaluate which models (and their components) deliver the best outcomes for library users. These e-lending business models include:

  • Library-managed platforms for hosting owned digital content
  • Library-managed platforms for aggregating multiple sources of licensed digital content
  • Third party platforms which offer either of the two services above
  • Library-led licensing arrangements with publishers, authors or aggregators (either through consortia or on an individual library system basis)

This research project will seek to produce a comparative analysis of different national/regional e-lending business models to identify key environmental, political, cultural, financial and logistical factors which are capable of fostering sustainable approaches to supporting e-lending and public access to digital content. It will endeavour to map a number of actors and initiatives across the international e-lending landscape as well as the common barriers which may restrict the future development of effective e-lending business models.

Whilst the resulting report will necessarily approach the e-lending landscape from a library standpoint, it will also attempt to evaluate the benefits and drawbacks of each approach from the perspective of library users, publishers and authors – given that any viable long-term solutions in this space must effectively address the holistic concerns of all stakeholders. »

URL : A Review of Public Library E – Lending Models

Alternative URL : http://stichting.bibliotheek.nl/content/dam/landelijk/stichting/bestanden/Rapporten-Public-Library-e-Lending-Models.pdf

Post to Twitter Post to Delicious Post to Facebook

Publié dans Non classé | Marqué avec , , , | Laisser un commentaire