The Cornwall a-book: An Augmented Travel Guide Using Next Generation Paper

Authors : David M. Frohlich, Emily Corrigan-Kavanagh, Mirek Bober, Haiyue Yuan, Radu Sporea, Brice Le Borgne, Caroline Scarles, George Revill, Jan van Duppen, Alan W. Brown, Megan Beynon

Electronic publishing usually presents readers with book or e-book options for reading on paper or screen. In this paper, we introduce a third method of reading on paper-and-screen through the use of an augmented book (‘a-book’) with printed hotlinks than can be viewed on a nearby smartphone or other device.

Two experimental versions of an augmented guide to Cornwall are shown using either optically recognised pages or embedded electronics making the book sensitive to light and touch. We refer to these as second generation (2G) and third generation (3G) paper respectively.

A common architectural framework, authoring workflow and interaction model is used for both technologies, enabling the creation of two future generations of augmented books with interactive features and content.

In the travel domain we use these features creatively to illustrate the printed book with local multimedia and updatable web media, to point to the printed pages from the digital content, and to record personal and web media into the book.


Web et édition numérique

Auteur/Author : Emmanuelle Usclat

Le livre numérique est un produit hybride issu de l’édition traditionnelle et de l’écosystème du web. L’objectif de ce travail de recherche est de montrer comment le livre numérique est lié au web et comment se positionnent les professionnels des deux écosystèmes, en donnant d’abord une définition et un historique des deux secteurs, puis en mettant en évidence les liens qui les rattachent, et en finissant par interroger directement les professionnels pour recueillir leur opinion sur le sujet.

URL : Web et édition numérique

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L’édition de livres numériques : un défi technique, économique et culturel

Auteur/Author : Bianca Tangaro

Le livre numérique est un objet-frontière à la double filiation : d’une part celle de la culture de l’édition, et, d’autre part celle de la culture numérique. Le livre numérique défie le monde de l’édition sur le plan technique, économique et culturel à la fois, et trace la voie d’une convergence réelle entre les professionnels du web et ceux de l’édition.

URL : L’édition de livres numériques : un défi technique, économique et culturel

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Le livre numérique en bibliothèques, entre absences et attentions. Études des formes de rematérialisation d’offres réputées immatérielles

Auteurs/Authors : Marie Doga, Olivier Zerbib

Comment se dessinent les offres de livres numériques qui sont actuellement ou seront proposées demain aux usagers des bibliothèques ? Si le livre numérique est réputé immatériel, le faire entrer dans les catalogues des bibliothèques exige des opérations qui, quant à elles, s’inscrivent dans des dispositifs sociotechniques, des interactions, des organisations, des savoir-faire ou bien encore des usages loin d’être évanescents.

Ce sont notamment ces allers-retours incessants entre éditeurs, distributeurs, agrégateurs de contenus, médiateurs et usagers, sans oublier les représentants des différentes tutelles nationales ou locales, qui conforment les offres de livres numériques et les usages qui sont susceptibles d’en être faits.

La numérisation bouscule les notions d’acquisition, de fonds documentaires ou bien encore de pérennité d’accès. Comment les professionnels se réapproprient-ils les règles de ce nouveau marché ?

Les institutions publiques que sont les bibliothèques constituent d’excellents observatoires de cette innovation en train de se faire que constitue le livre numérique, cela d’autant plus que cette dernière s’inscrit dans la continuité d’une série d’autres adaptations ayant transformé les bibliothèques durant les dernières décennies.


From publishers to self-publishing: The disruptive effects of digitalisation on the book industry

Authors : Morten Hviid, Sabine Jacques, Sofia Izquierdo Sanchez

This paper explores the structure of the book publishing industry post-digitalisation. We argue that the introduction of successful e-book readers has belatedly given digitalisation the characteristics of a disruptive technology by making self-publishing a serious option for authors.

This has been supported by the entry of new types of intermediaries and the
strengthening of others. These changes have reduced the overall complexities for an author to get a book self-published.

As a result, a larger share of the surplus from the book industry is likely going to authors, explaining the significant increase in the supply of books. The potential over-supply of books has created a new problem by making consumer search more difficult.

We argue that digitalisation has shifted the potential market failure from inadequate supply of books to asymmetric information about quality.

It remains to be seen whether the market will provide appropriate intermediaries to solve the associated asymmetric information problem and, if not, what appropriate interventions should be contemplated.


A Two-Step Model for Assessing Relative Interest in E-books Compared to Print

Librarians often wish to know whether readers in a particular discipline favor e-books or print books. Because print circulation and e-book usage statistics are not directly comparable, it can be hard to determine the relative interest of readers in the two types of books. This study demonstrates a two-step method by which librarians can assess the appeal of books in various formats.

First, a nominal assessment of use or nonuse is performed; this eliminates the difficulty of comparing print circulation to e-book usage statistics.

Then, the comparison of actual use to Percentage of Expected Use (PEU) is made. By examining the distance between PEU of e-books to PEU of print books in a discipline, librarians can determine whether patrons have a strong preference for one format over another.


Scholarly E-book Across Disciplines: Content Analysis of Usage Reports and Search Terms

“Data collected through COUNTER usage statistics and the LibQUAL+ service quality assessment survey tell us that faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates value access to the growing e-book collection at Columbia University Libraries (CUL). While the aggregate results indicate that e-book use continues to increase, usage rates are not uniform across disciplines. Anecdotal evidence suggests that while e-book use has grown in the sciences and social sciences, scholars in the arts and humanities rely heavily on print books. Given the highly diverse research needs of the university community, CUL is keen to understand scholarly e-book usage in various disciplines.

In this study, we sought an innovative research method to understand e-book usage. This method utilizes data from two sources: readers’ e -book search terms harvested by Google Analytics; and requested e-book titles provided by the COUNTER e-book usage reports. The data was analyzed using NVivo, a qualitative analysis software, to examine popular scholarly e-book topics and the correlation between search and delivery.”