Science and Facebook: the same popularity law!

Authors : Zoltán Néda, Levente Varga, Tamás S. Biró

The distribution of scientific citations for publications selected with different rules (author, topic, institution, country, journal, etc.) collapse on a single curve if one plots the citations relative to their mean value.

We find that the distribution of shares for the Facebook posts re-scale in the same manner to the very same curve with scientific citations. This finding suggests that citations are subjected to the same growth mechanism with Facebook popularity measures, being influenced by a statistically similar social environment and selection mechanism.

In a simple master-equation approach the exponential growth of the number of publications and a preferential selection mechanism leads to a Tsallis-Pareto distribution offering an excellent description for the observed statistics.

Based on our model and on the data derived from PubMed we predict that according to the present trend the average citations per scientific publications exponentially relaxes to about 4.

URL : https://arxiv.org/abs/1701.05347

Openness of Spanish scholarly journals as measured by access and rights

Authors : Remedios Melero, Mikael Laakso, Miguel Navas-Fernández

Metrics regarding Open Access (OA) availability for readers and the enablers of redistribution of content published in scholarly journals, i.e. content licenses, copyright ownership, and publisher-stipulated self-archiving permissions are still scarce.

This study implements the four core variables (reader rights, reuse rights, copyrights, author posting rights) of the recently published Open Access Spectrum (OAS) to measure the level of openness in all 1728 Spanish scholarly journals listed in the Spanish national DULCINEA database at the end of 2015.

In order to conduct the analysis additional data has been aggregated from other bibliographic databases and through manual data collection (such data includes the journal research area, type of publisher, type of access, self-archiving and reuse policy, and potential type of Creative Commons (CC) licence used).

79% of journals allowed self-archiving in some form, 13.5% did not specify any copyright terms and 37% used CC licenses. From the total journals (1728), 1285 (74.5%) received the maximum score of 20 in reader rights. For 72% of journals, authors retain or publishers grant broad rights which include author reuse and authorisation rights (for others to re-use).

The OAS-compliant results of this study enable comparative studies to be conducted on other large populations of journals.

URL : https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/142458

Publicisations, lettrures scientifiques et évolutions des modes éditoriaux

Auteur/Author : Gabriel Gallezot

Lettrure scientifique à l’ère du numérique.  La lettrure désigne de manière interdéterminée les activités de lecture et d’écriture perçues comme une seule et même activité, quand la littératie désigne selon l’OCDE (2000) « l’aptitude à comprendre et à utiliser l’information écrite dans la vie courante, à la maison, au travail et dans la collectivité en vue d’atteindre des buts personnels et d’étendre ses connaissances et ses capacités ».

Il y a donc l’activité de l’activité de lecture-écriture (lettrure) et l’aptitude à comprendre et à utiliser l’information écrite (littératie). Quelques 700 années séparent ces termes et cette appréhension de l’appropriation des objets culturels. Il sont aussi fortement liées par un processus, car c’est bien par un travail répété de lecture et d’écriture que l’on acquiert les connaissances qui permettent l’intelligibilité du monde sensible.

En contexte numérique les dispositifs de communication rendent indissociables les pratiques de lecture-écriture. Quand le « clavier » s’impose au « stylo »,  « l’écran » réuni le « livre » et « la page blanche », les blogs (et autres CMS) proposent un « web inscriptible », les réseaux sociaux négocient la « clôture du texte » et les moteurs de recherche ordonnent le « sommaire »… nos schémas cognitifs, nos pratiques informationnelles et communicationnelles se modifient.

Analyser « la lettrure scientifique à l’ère du numérique » c’est mettre en lumière ce processus, ces modifications en contexte scientifique. Le terme de Lettrure est ici préféré au terme Litteratie pour renforcer l’aspect « littérature savante » énoncé au 13e siècle, mais comme nous l’avons indiqué il s’agit bien de la même démarche reconduite, renouvelée par des techniques intellectuelles et dispositifs de communication.

URL : Publicisations, lettrures scientifiques et évolutions des modes éditoriaux

Alternative location : https://archivesic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/sic_01438208

Le blog de recherche comme journal de bord informatique. Un soutien à la réflexivité, à l’analyse, à la communication et à la scientificité?

Auteur/Author : Christophe Lejeune

En recherche qualitative, le journal de bord permet aux chercheurs de se rappeler leurs observations, de réfléchir à leurs pratiques et de catalyser leurs analyses via l’écriture. Patiente et personnelle, sa rédaction est solitaire et son contenu reste privé.

Pour leur part, les blogs de recherche mobilisent l’écriture pour expliciter publiquement les questions, les résultats intermédiaires et le cheminement des chercheurs. Adossé aux pratiques de publication sur les blogs scientifiques, un journal de bord informatisé peut se doter de différents niveaux de publicité : certaines notes restent privées, d’autres s’élaborent au sein de l’équipe de recherche, d’autres encore sont accessibles aux commanditaires ou aux informateurs, les dernières enfin sont publiques.

Outre ses vertus de coordination du travail collectif, une telle plateforme permettrait d’expliciter publiquement le parcours de recherche et, ce faisant, de démontrer la scientificité des recherches qualitatives.

URL : http://www.recherche-qualitative.qc.ca/documents/files/revue/hors_serie/HS-20/rq-hs-20-lejeune.pdf

Research Data Reusability: Conceptual Foundations, Barriers and Enabling Technologies

Author : Costantino Thanos

High-throughput scientific instruments are generating massive amounts of data. Today, one of the main challenges faced by researchers is to make the best use of the world’s growing wealth of data. Data (re)usability is becoming a distinct characteristic of modern scientific practice.

By data (re)usability, we mean the ease of using data for legitimate scientific research by one or more communities of research (consumer communities) that is produced by other communities of research (producer communities).

Data (re)usability allows the reanalysis of evidence, reproduction and verification of results, minimizing duplication of effort, and building on the work of others. It has four main dimensions: policy, legal, economic and technological. The paper addresses the technological dimension of data reusability.

The conceptual foundations of data reuse as well as the barriers that hamper data reuse are presented and discussed. The data publication process is proposed as a bridge between the data author and user and the relevant technologies enabling this process are presented.

URL : Research Data Reusability: Conceptual Foundations, Barriers and Enabling Technologies

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/publications5010002

Open access articles receive more citations in hybrid marine ecology journals

Author : Jeff C. Clements

The accumulation of evidence that open access publishing can increase citation rates highlights one benefit of universal accessibility to scholarly works. However, studies investigating the effect of open access publishing on citations are typically conducted across a wide variety of journals and disciplines, introducing a number of potential issues and limiting their utility for specific disciplines.

Here, I used three primary marine ecology journals with an open access option as a “microcosm” of scientific publishing to determine whether or not open access articles received more citations than non-open access articles during the same time frame, controlling for self-citations, article type, and journal impact factor.

I also tested for the effects of time since publication and the number of authors. Citations were positively correlated with time since publication and differed across the three journals. In addition, open access articles received significantly more citations than non-open access articles.

Self-citations increased with author number and were affected by a complex interaction between open access, journal, and time since publication. This study demonstrates that open access articles receive more citations in hybrid marine ecology journals, although the causal factors driving this trend are unknown.

URL : Open access articles receive more citations in hybrid marine ecology journals

DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/facets-2016-0032

Elsevier: Among the World’s Largest Open Access Publishers as of 2016

Author : Heather Morrison

Highlights of this broad-brush case study of Elsevier’s Open Access (OA) journals as of 2016: Elsevier offers 511 fully OA journals and 2,149 hybrids. Most fully OA journals do not charge article processing charges (APCs). APCs of fully OA journals average $660 US ($1,731 excluding no-fee journals); hybrid OA averages $2,500.

A practice termed author nominal copyright is observed, where copyright is in the name of the author although the author contract is essentially a copyright transfer. The prospects for a full Elsevier flip to OA via APC payments for articles going forward are considered and found to be problematic.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.5260/chara.18.3.53