Mots-clefs: implement open access Afficher/masquer les discussions | Raccourcis clavier

  • Hans Dillaerts le 11 January 2013 à 22 h 02 min Permalien
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    Implementing Open Access Policies : Using Institutional Repositories :

    « Implementing an open access (OA) policy off ers libraries an unusually high level of challenge. Chris Armbruster, who surveyed early policy implementers says that “open access policy implementation is a tough job. Policy pioneers have faced considerable challenges in meeting their own aims and achieving recognized success.”1 But the implementation process also off ers a proportionally high potential for positive payback not just to the campuses, but to the academy and the world beyond. Given this level of challenge and potential impact, libraries would do well to confer with those who have travelled further down the path, in order to maximize their chances for success. Yet not much has been written to date about policy implementation, no doubt because this task is so new to libraries. »

    URL : http://www.ala.org/alcts/sites/ala.org.alcts/files/content/resources/papers/ir_ch05_.pdf

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 6 April 2012 à 16 h 40 min Permalien
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    Policy Guidelines for the development and promotion of open access :

    « These Guidelines provide an account of the development of Open Access, why it is important and desirable, how to attain it, and the design and effectiveness of policies. »

    URL : http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002158/215863e.pdf

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 20 March 2012 à 18 h 37 min Permalien
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    Institutional repository `eKMAIR’: establishing and populating a research repository for the National University « Kyiv Mohyla Academy » :

    « University libraries have an increasingly important role to play in supporting open access publishing and dissemination of research outputs. In particular, many libraries are playing a leading role in establishing and managing institutional repositories. Institutional repositories are, most often, Open Access Initiative (OAI)-compliant databases of a university or other research institution’s intellectual output, most typically research papers, although many other forms of digital media can also be stored and disseminated. Their main function is to provide improved access to the full text of research articles and improve retrieval of relevant research.
    The National University « Kyiv Mohyla Academy » is a small-sized institution with approximately 3,000 students and 500 academic staff. Although it is a teaching-intensive university, developing research and knowledge-transfer capacity is a strategic priority and four research institutes have been established, with further research activity going on in the academic schools and research centres. »

    URL : http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.2434

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 5 November 2011 à 12 h 11 min Permalien
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    Open Access at the University of Southampton. Pushing the boundaries and the art of the possible.
    Case study
    :

    « At the University of Southampton researchers, academics, service providers and senior management have been working together for ten years in a partnership to underpin an “open” approach to research and learning resources based on the repository model.

    Innovative research at the School of Electronics and Computer Science set out the technical building blocks for making research available on open access. As a next step, the JISC- funded TARDis project (Targeting Academic Research for Dissemination and Disclosure) successfully brought together internal departments – the Library, the University Computing Service and the Intelligence, Agents, Multimedia Research Group within Electronics and Computer Science. Together, they committed to support an institutional strategy for making scholarly communication both more visible and more accessible. This partnership approach remains key and has allowed Southampton to extend open access into other areas including the learning repository.

    At institutional level the value of the research repository has been strongly identified with the University’s strategies for the RAE/REF, and with the institutional response to meeting funder mandates. The University of Southampton became the first university in the UK to adopt a formal requirement that all academic staff make access to their published research available online through the institutional repository. Senior management support has been crucial as has been the promotion of the benefits to the author. Institutional strategy often means less to individual academics and researchers than how the services provide benefits to them. It is therefore important to link open access to the research and learning process, and to the benefits of increasing visibility. A pragmatic approach combined with a strongly visible support service has underpinned the way in which open access has been developed institutionally at Southampton.

    The University’s main priorities going forward are to increase the amount of open content by encouraging the direct deposit of postprints in the research repository and increasing the range of material across disciplines in the learning repository. In parallel Southampton will experiment with scoping options to link access to research data initially at metadata level. »

    URL : http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/topics/opentechnologies/openaccess/institutionsandoa/southampton.aspx

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 30 August 2010 à 21 h 57 min Permalien
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    OPENING THE DOOR : HOW FACULTY AUTHORS CAN IMPLEMENT AN OPEN ACCESS POLICY AT
    THEIR INSTITUTIONS
    :
    « This White Paper is intended as a companion to the “Open Door and Open Minds” SPARC/Science Commons White Paper of April 2008. The purpose of this companion paper is to provide the legal and statutory bases for implementation of an open access policy, as well as to explain best practices for implementation of that policy. It is intended to be used by faculty and administrators interested in
    implementing an open access policy at their own educational institutions. »
    URL : http://sciencecommons.org/wp-content/uploads/Opening-the-Door.pdf

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    • Harnad le 2 septembre 2010 à 10 h 10 min Permalien | Connectez-vous pour répondre

      OPENING THE OPEN DOOR: ADOPT THE LEAST DEMANDING OPEN ACCESS MANDATE FIRST

      Frankel & Nestor’s helpful advice to authors about rights retention is very well-informed and valuable, except for this:

      « Finally, we must be careful to distinguish between a license mandate and a deposit mandate. Whereas a licensewhether exclusive or nonexclusivetransfers some amount of rights in the article, a deposit mandate merely allows for (or requires) a physical copy of the article to be given to the institution. Simply handing over a physical copy of an article, or draft of that article, is not sufficient under copyright law to constitute a grant of any rights, as physical possession of an article does not give the owner of that copy any copyright rights in work embodied in the copy.

      « Deposit mandates certainly are useful for institutions to retain the knowledge and scholarship of its faculty members. Indeed, some journals already permit institutional depositories. But such permissions do not address the increasing loss of knowledge in the academic community caused by the ever- increasing costs of journal subscriptions and the inability for academic institutions to keep up with shouldering the burden of those costs. The open access policy goes beyond a simple university depositorylimited in size, scope, and, most universal scope and accessibility. By combining the nonexclusive license discussed in this paper with a deposit policy, an institution can create open access. »

      Simon J. Frankel and Shannon M. Nestor (2010) Opening the Door: How Faculty Authors Can Implement an Open Access Policy at Their Institutions. http://sciencecommons.org/wp-content/uploads/Opening-the-Door.pdf

      (1) Most authors are not providing Open Access (OA) to their refereed research output at all today. (Only 20% are providing it.)

      (2) OA Mandates are coming, but still extremely slowly.

      (3) It is much harder to mandate more than less.

      (4) A license mandate is much more than a deposit mandate.

      (5) The majority of journals (60%+) already endorse immediate Open Access self-archiving of the author’s refereed final draft.

      (6) A deposit mandate will immediately provide OA to 60%+ instead of just 20% of refereed research.

      (7) The repository’s eprint-request button can provide almost-OA to all the rest for the time being.

      (8) So what is urgently needed is at least a deposit mandate, today.

      (9) Re-use rights are not urgent, and will be much easier to get once we already have universally mandated OA.

      The Gratis Green OA self-archiving door is open already: All institutions and funders need do is mandate entry. Rights retention and Libre OA can come later.

      Harnad, S. (2008) Waking OA’s “Slumbering Giant”: The University’s Mandate To Mandate Open Access. New Review of Information Networking 14(1): 51 – 68
      http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/17298/3/giantpaper1.pdf

      Harnad, S. (2008) Which Green OA Mandate Is Optimal? Open Access Archivangelism December 7 2008. http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/494-guid.html

      Harnad, S. (2010) The Immediate Practical Implication of the Houghton Report: Provide Green Open Access Now. Prometheus, 28 (1). pp. 55-59. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18514/

      Sale, A., Couture, M., Rodrigues, E., Carr, L. and Harnad, S. (2010) Open Access Mandates and the « Fair Dealing » Button. In: Dynamic Fair Dealing: Creating Canadian Culture Online (Rosemary J. Coombe & Darren Wershler, Eds.) http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18511/

      Suber, Peter (2008) Green/gold OA and gratis/libre OA. Open Access News August 2, 2008 http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/2008/08/greengold-oa-and-gratislibre-oa.html

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