Mots-clefs: digital content Afficher/masquer les discussions | Raccourcis clavier

  • Hans Dillaerts le 5 June 2012 à 18 h 51 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: digital content,   

    Examining Motivations behind Paper Usage in Academia :

    « We carried out a qualitative study to identify the “missing pieces” in current computing devices and technologies that are preventing people from eliminating paper from their lives. Most of the existing literature has looked into the work practices of businesses, while a few have researched how high school and college students and teaching assistants at universities work with paper. We were specifically interested in analyzing paper use for people in the research side of academia, and seeing how our results compare to existing work. We recruited and interviewed participants from academia to understand what kind of tasks they use paper for, what kind of tasks they use computing devices for and what motivates them to use these two media. We found that, despite having access to at least one personal computing device, the participants preferred to work with paper in many situations. This appears to be attributed to certain intrinsic qualities that paper has, such as open format, easy navigation, readability, and the affordances these qualities provide. In order to eventually replace paper with devices, designers of new technology will have to successfully emulate these qualities. »

    URL : http://arxiv.org/abs/1206.0302

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 25 April 2012 à 21 h 35 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , digital content, ,   

    Electronic resources usage by postgraduates at the University of Colombo: Identifying the critical success factors :

    « E-resources have exploded in popularity and usage by helping users in retrieving accurate, relevant and timelyinformation as and when required for their learning and research needs. This case study was carried out at the University of Colombo to investigate the Critical Success Factors (CSFs) on e-resources usage of postgraduates. A questionnaire basedsurvey was carried out using 302 postgraduates belonging to seven faculties. Exploratory factor analysis with Verimaxrotation was employed to identify the CSFs on e-resource usage and multiple regression analysis was carried out todetermine the relationship of those identified factors with overall e-resource usage. Factor analysis identified nine factorswhich affect on e-resources usage. Among the nine factors, postgraduates identified “Technology” as the most critical factorin using e-resources. Library support, information literacy, computer competency, usefulness and user attitudes areidentified as other CSFs for using e-resources for their learning activities. »

    URL : http://op.niscair.res.in/index.php/ALIS/article/view/31

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 14 April 2012 à 23 h 55 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , , digital content, , , ,   

    The Digital Public Domain: Foundations for an Open Culture :

    « This book brings together essays by academics, librarians, entrepreneurs, activists and policy makers, who were all part of the EU-funded Communia project. Together the authors argue that the Public Domain — that is, the informational works owned by all of us, be that literature, music, the output of scientific research, educational material or public sector information — is fundamental to a healthy society.
    The essays range from more theoretical papers on the history of copyright and the Public Domain, to practical examples and case studies of recent projects that have engaged with the principles of Open Access and Creative Commons licensing. The book is essential reading for anyone interested in the current debate about copyright and the Internet. It opens up discussion and offers practical solutions to the difficult question of the regulation of culture at the digital age. »

    URL : http://www.communia-association.org/wp-content/uploads/the_digital_public_domain.pdf

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 8 February 2012 à 19 h 04 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , digital content,   

    Use of ICT Based Electronic Resources in selected Central Universities of India :

    « The paper divulge in the increasing use of electronic resources and the widening acceptance of the same among academic library patrons. Reaffirms the necessity of making the end users aware of the e-resources based services offered by the libraries. Conducts a cursory examination of the web design of the university libraries. Finally, attempts to identify ways to maximise the use of e-resources by taking into consideration 18 central university libraries. »

    URL : http://hdl.handle.net/10760/16561

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 8 February 2012 à 13 h 03 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: digital content, document numérique, Jean-Michel Salaün   

    Les trois dimensions de l’économie de la publication : Document numérique et plateformes de distribution :

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 6 February 2012 à 19 h 12 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: digital content, ,   

    Preservation Status Of E-Resources: A Potential Crisis In Electronic Journal Preservation :

    « E-journals have replaced the majority of titles formerly produced in paper format. Academic libraries are increasingly dependent on commercially produced, born-digital content that is purchased or licensed. The purpose of this presentation is to share the findings of a 2CUL study that assesses the role of LOCKSS and PORTICO in preserving each institution’s e-journal collections. The 2CUL initiative is a collaboration between Columbia University Library (CUL) and Cornell University Library (CUL) to join forces in providing content, expertise, and services that are impossible to accomplish acting alone.

    Although LOCKSS is considered a successful digital preservation initiative, neither of the CULs felt that they fully understood the potential of the system for their own settings and collections. In support of this goal, a joint team was established in November 2010 to investigate various questions to assess how LOCKSS is being deployed and the implications of local practices for both CUL’s preservation frameworks. This study was seen as a high-level investigation to characterize the general landscape and identify further research questions. One of the practical outcomes was a comparative analysis of Portico and LOCKSS preservation coverage for Columbia and Cornell’s serial holdings. A key finding was that only 15-20% of the e-journal titles in the libraries’ collections are currently preserved by these two initiatives. Further analysis suggests the remaining titles fall into roughly 10 categories, with a variety of strategies needed to ensure their preservation. »

    URL : http://www.cni.org/topics/digital-preservation/preservation-status-of-eresources/

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 15 January 2012 à 12 h 22 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , digital content,   

    From Stacks to the Web: the Transformation of Academic Library Collecting :

    « The existence of a ubiquitous and cheap worldwide communication’s network that increasingly makes documents easily and freely available will require a transformation of academic library collecting practice. It will be driven by a number of specific developments including: the digitization of content; the development of print repositories; the development of e-readers and print-on-demand publishing; the growth of open access; challenges to establish academic publishing organizations; and the growth of new forms of scholarship based on openness and social productivity. If academic libraries are to be successful, they will need to: deconstruct legacy print collections; move from item-by-item book selection to purchase-on-demand and subscriptions; manage the transition to open access journals; focus on curating unique items; and develop new mechanisms for funding national infrastructure »

    URL : http://crl.acrl.org/content/early/2012/01/09/crl-309.abstract

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 8 December 2011 à 17 h 13 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , digital content, , , , , , ,   

    L’Edition scientifique en SHS face au numérique et à Internet: Un enjeu pour la France :

    « Les révolutions en cours des supports et des pratiques tant de l’écriture que de la lecture, associées au développement du numérique ainsi qu’à la multiplication des applications internet, remettent profondément en cause les activités de l’ensemble des acteurs impliqués dans la chaine traditionnelle de l’édition, y compris les bibliothèques. Elles touchent tout particulièrement les activités scientifiques en SHS, les disciplines concernées se voyant offrir à travers elles des perspectives dans la société qui leur étaient jusque là pratiquement inaccessibles. C’est dire l’importance pour les chercheurs en SHS – en particulier français – des enjeux qui se jouent actuellement autour des politiques menées dans ce domaine. »

    URL : http://ssi.sagepub.com/content/50/3-4/513.abstract.fr
    doi: 10.1177/0539018411411031

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 15 November 2011 à 22 h 11 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: digital content,   

    Research Infrastructures in the Digital Humanities :

    « This peer reviewed document reflects on the centrality of Research Infrastructures (RIs) to the Humanities. It argues that without RIs such as archives, libraries, academies, museums and galleries (and the sources that they identify, order, preserve and make accessible) significant strands of Humanities research would not be possible. After proposing a wide-ranging definition of digital RIs – with the aim of reflecting on the meaning of infrastructure in the Humanities rather than on those parts common to other domains of science – it attempts to relate physical RIs to digital ones. By drawing on a number of case studies – chosen to showcase the variety of research around existing or emerging infrastructures – it demonstrates that digital RIs offer Humanities scholars new and productive ways to explore old questions and develop new ones. »

    URL : http://www.esf.org/media-centre/ext-single-news/article/humanities-researchers-and-digital-technologies-building-infrastructures-for-a-new-age-776.html

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  • Hans Dillaerts le 12 November 2011 à 12 h 25 min Permalien
    Mots-clefs: , copyright policies, , digital content, , , , ,   

    Legal Issues in Mass Digitization: A Preliminary Analysis and Discussion Document :

    « This Preliminary Analysis and Discussion Document (the “Analysis”) addresses the issues raised by the intersection between copyright law and the mass digitization of books. The Copyright Office (the “Office”) has prepared this Analysis for the purpose of facilitating further discussion among the affected parties and the public – discussions that may encompass a number of possible approaches, including voluntary initiatives, legislative options, or both.

    On March 22, 2011, the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York rejected a proposed settlement of the class action lawsuit brought by the Authors Guild and a related suit by book publishers against Google for the mass digitization of books in several large U.S. libraries. The court ruled that the class action settlement would have redefined the relationship between copyright law and new technology, and encroached upon Congress’s ability to set copyright policy with respect to orphan works. Subsequently, on September 12, 2011, the Authors Guild and several prominent authors sued five university libraries that participated in Google’s mass digitization project as well as a library consortium known as the HathiTrust after the universities announced their intention to offer access to some of the book scans Google had provided to them.

    These developments have sparked public debate on the risks and opportunities that mass book digitization may create for authors, publishers, libraries, technology companies, the general public, and the corresponding legal framework. The questions are many: What mass digitization projects are currently underway in the United States? What are the objectives and who are the intended beneficiaries? How are the exclusive rights of copyright owners implicated? What exceptions or limitations may apply, to whom, and in what circumstances? To the extent there are public policy goals at issue, what could Congress do to facilitate or control the boundaries of mass digitization projects? Would orphan works legislation help? Are efficient and costeffective licensing options available? Could Congress encourage or even require new licensing schemes for mass digitization? Could it provide direction and oversight to authors, publishers,
    libraries, and technology companies as they explore solutions? Indeed, these stakeholders may be in the best position to find points of consensus and create strategies for the U.S. book and library sectors.

    The issues discussed in this Analysis are complex and require public discussion. The Office recognizes that the Google Books proceeding, initiated more than six years ago, and the recently filed lawsuit involving the HathiTrust Digital Library will continue to influence the public debate over mass digitization. International developments may also contribute to the debate in the United States. Although the marketplace and the issues will continue to evolve, the Office believes there is sufficient information to undertake an intense public discussion about the broader policy implications of mass book digitization. By necessity, this discussion must address the relationship between the emerging digital marketplace and the existing copyright framework. »

    URL : http://pub.bna.com/ptcj/USCOMassDigitization_October2011.pdf

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