Author : Heidi Laine
The purpose of this article is to examine the conceptual alignment between the ethical principles of research integrity and open science. Research integrity is represented in this study by four general codes of conduct on responsible conduct of research (RCR), three of them international in scope, and one national.
A representative list of ethical principles associated with open science is compiled in order to create categories for assessing the content of the codes. According to the analysis, the current understanding of RCR is too focused on traditional publications and the so called FFP definition of research misconduct to fully support open science.
The main gaps include recognising citizen science and societal outreach and supporting open collaboration both among the research community and beyond its traditional borders.
Updates for both the content of CoCs as well as the processes of creating such guidelines are suggested.
URL : Open science and codes of conduct on research integrity
DOI : https://doi.org/10.23978/inf.77414
Author : Heidi Laine
The risk of scooping is often used as a counter argument for open science, especially open data. In this case study I have examined openness strategies, practices and attitudes in two open collaboration research projects created by Finnish researchers, in order to understand what made them resistant to the fear of scooping.
The radically open approach of the projects includes open by default funding proposals, co-authorship and community membership. Primary sources used are interviews of the projects’ founding members.
The analysis indicates that openness requires trust in close peers, but not necessarily in research community or society at large. Based on the case study evidence, focusing on intrinsic goals, like new knowledge and bringing about ethical reform, instead of external goals such as publications, supports openness.
Understanding fundaments of science, philosophy of science and research ethics, can also have a beneficial effect on willingness to share. Whether there are aspects in open sharing that makes it seem riskier from the point of view of certain demographical groups within research community, such as women, could be worth closer inspection.
URL : Afraid of Scooping – Case Study on Researcher Strategies against Fear of Scooping in the Context of Open Science
DOI : http://doi.org/10.5334/dsj-2017-029