Authors : Rae A. Earnshaw, Mohan de Silva, Peter S. Excell
In contrast with practice in recent times past, computational and data intensive processes are increasingly driving collaborative research in science and technology.
Large amounts of data are being generated in experiments or simulations and these require real-time, or near real-time, analysis and visualisation. The results of these evaluations need to be validated and then published quickly and openly in order to facilitate the overall progress of research on a national and international basis.
Research is increasingly undertaken in large teams and is also increasingly interdisciplinary as many of the major research challenges lie at the boundaries between existing disciplines.
The move to open access for peer reviewed publications is rapidly becoming a required option in the sector. At the same time, communication and dissemination procedures are also utilising non-traditional forms facilitated by burgeoning developments in social networking.
It is proposed that these elements, when combined, constitute a paradigm shift in the model of research and the dissemination of research results.
URL : Models of Research and the Dissemination of Research Results: the Influences of E-Science, Open Access and Social Networking
Alternative location : http://aetic.theiaer.org/archive/v3/v3n1/p1.html
Authors : Caroline Martin, Colette Cadiou, Emmanuelle Jannès-Ober
In the context of E-science and open access, visibility and impact of scientific results and data have become important aspects for spreading information to users and to the society in general.
The objective of this general trend of the economy is to feed the innovation process and create economic value. In our institute, the French National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture, Irstea, the department in charge of scientific and technical information, with the help of other professionals (Scientists, IT professionals, ethics advisors…), has recently developed suitable services for the researchers and for their needs concerning the data management in order to answer European recommendations for open data.
This situation has demanded to review the different workflows between databases, to question the organizational aspects between skills, occupations, and departments in the institute.
In fact, the data management involves all professionals and researchers to asset their working ways together.
URL : Data Management: New Tools, New Organization, and New Skills in a French Research Institute
DOI : http://doi.org/10.18352/lq.10196
The Association of Research Libraries E-Science Working Group developed a survey to “build an understanding of how libraries can contribute to e-science activities in their institution” and “identify organizations and institutions that have similar interests in e-science to leverage research library interests.”
The August 2009 survey gathered 57 responses to the survey from the 123 ARL member libraries in the United States and Canada. Twenty-one respondents report their institution provides infrastructure or support services for e-science, 23 institutions are in the planning stages, and 13 do not provide support for e-science.
After analyzing the survey results, the authors identified a small set of respondents (Purdue University, the University of California, San Diego, Cornell University, Johns Hopkins University, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology) for interviews to further elaborate their activities.
The resulting six case studies synthesize the interviews with the corresponding institutions’ responses to the survey. The cases further illuminate programs and services mentioned only briefly in the survey and allow some interesting patterns to emerge from interviewees’ reflections on faculty connections, staffing levels, and organizational structure and culture.
This report presents a summary of the survey results and the six cases studies. It also includes a bibliography of related articles, reports, and Web sites, along with the survey instrument and a selection of recent research library position descriptions with significant e-science support components.
URL : http://www.arl.org/storage/documents/publications/escience-report-2010.pdf