A Survey of the Scholarly Journals Using…

A Survey of the Scholarly Journals Using Open Journal Systems :
A survey of 998 scholarly journals that use Open Journal Systems (OJS), an open source
journal software platform, captures the characteristics of an emerging class of scholarpublisher
open access journals (with some representation from more traditional scholarly
society and print-based titles). The journals in the sample follow traditional norms for peerreviewing,
acceptance rates, and disciplinary focus, but are distinguished by the number that
offer open access to their content, the growth rates in new titles, the participation rates from
developing countries, and the extremely low operating budgets. The survey also documents
the limited degree to which open source software can alter a field of communication, as OJS
appears to have created a third path, dedicated to maximizing access to research and
scholarship, as an alternative to traditional scholarly society and commercial publishing

URL : http://pkp.sfu.ca/files/OJS%20Journal%20Survey.pdf

Open Access in Italy : The report descri…

Open Access in Italy :
The report describes the state of the art of Open Access in Italy, offering an overview on institutional and disciplinary based repositories, repository contents, and OA mandates. Moreover, the report describes the major projects provided by two Italian supercomputing consortia (such as PLEIADI and SURPlus). The authors of the report then reflect upon the future of Open Access in Italy, concluding that without a national funded planning strategy voluntary initiatives are somewhat uncertain.
URL : http://eprints.rclis.org/18365/

Using the Institutional Repository to pu…

Using the Institutional Repository to publish research data :
For open research data to be fully utilised it must be discoverable. Many types of research dataset are impossible to identify by looking at them so metadata is essential. This is the only major issue
with using existing Institutional Repositories to preserve and disseminate data. This paper suggests a simple scheme for facilitating discovery and reuse of open scienti c data.

URL : http://sunsite.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-575/paper1.pdf

European Copyright Code : The European C…

European Copyright Code :
The European Copyright Code is the result of the Wittem Project that was established in 2002 as a collaboration between copyright scholars across the European Union concerned with the future development of European copyright law. […]
The aim of the Wittem Project and this Code is to promote transparency and consistency in European copyright law. The members of the Wittem Group share a concern that the process of copyright law making at the European level lacks transparency and that the voice of academia all too often remains unheard. The Group believes that a European Copyright Code drafted by legal scholars might serve as a model or reference tool for future harmonization or unification of copyright at the European level. Nevertheless, the Group does not take a position on the desirability as such of introducing a unified European legal framework.[…]
This Code is not a recodification of EU copyright law tabula rasa. Since European copyright law must operate within the confines of the international commitments of the European Union and its Member States, the Code takes account of the substantive norms of the Berne Convention and the TRIPs Agreement. Also, the members of the Group have found it hard to ignore the aqcuis communautaire in the form of seven Directives that the European legislature has produced in this field since 1991. However, the Code does on occasion deviate from the acquis, and therefore cannot be considered a mere restatement or consolidation of the norms of the directives. […]

URL : http://www.copyrightcode.eu/

Beyond Fair Use : For centuries, the fai…

Beyond Fair Use :
For centuries, the fair use doctrine has been the main – if not the exclusive – bastion of user rights. Originating in the English court of equity, the doctrine permitted users under appropriate circumstances to employ copyrighted content without consent from the rightsholder. In the current digital media environment, however, the uncertainty that shrouds fair use and the proliferation of technological protection measures undermine the doctrine and its role in copyright policy. Notably, the enactment of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, which prohibits the circumvention of such measures even for fair use purposes, has diminished the ability of fair use to act as a counterweight to a copyright owner’s rights in the digital age.
Recognizing the relatively precarious state of the fair use doctrine, many copyright scholars have rushed to resuscitate the doctrine, offering various ways to revamp fair use. As this Article makes clear, these proposals fall short of the mark. To address the shortcomings of the fair use doctrine in the digital age, this Article reconceives of the policy challenge and takes a fundamentally different tack. Rather than tinkering with the fair use doctrine, this Article proposes the creation of a system of new user privileges that would supplement fair use. Specifically, it crafts a framework of adaptive regulation that would cause copyright owners to dramatically increase the access and use opportunities granted to users. This framework would do so by requiring content owners and distributors to acknowledge user needs and even compete among themselves over the creation of new user liberties. Such an approach, this Article explains, is superior to rival suggestions and can best assure ongoing technological development and the preservation of user privileges in the digital age.

URL : http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1557242

La longue marche de l’information publiq…

La longue marche de l’information publique, de la liberté d’accès aux documents administratifs à la réutilisation commerciale des informations publiques :
La France dispose aujourd’hui d’un cadre satisfaisant pour faciliter la réutilisation des informations émanant du secteur public. En impulsant une nouvelle dynamique pour le secteur de l’information professionnelle, la nouvelle législation ouvre de nombreuses possibilités de développement économique tant pour les producteurs publics que pour les opérateurs privés. Il s’agit aussi pour l’administration, dans le cadre de la modernisation de l’État, de relever le défi de cette ouverture plus large au secteur concurrentiel par la qualité de l’information, par l’adaptation à l’évolution des formats et des méthodes de transmission et par le dialogue avec les sociétés privées et les utilisateurs. […]
Il faut faire largement connaître les droits et les devoirs des différentes parties, institués par les textes de 2005, et apporter des réponses aux questions que pose leur mise en pratique.

URL : http://www.cairn.info/article.php?ID_ARTICLE=DOCSI_443_0218&AJOUTBIBLIO=DOCSI_443_0218

Open Access in Canada: A Strong Beginnin…

Open Access in Canada: A Strong Beginning :
Scholarly open access (OA), one of CLA’s information policy advocacy areas, has reached critical momentum in Canada. New initiatives are being announced regularly in all areas of the open access movement, including OA publishing, repositories and mandates. Established projects are becoming regularized and growing. Most of these initiatives are library-based or are connected to libraries in some way. This article presents some examples of these activities, along with progress highlights from the past year.
URL : http://eprints.rclis.org/16870/1/Feliciter_56.2_-_%239_Open_Access_Canada_published.pdf