This report examines the costs and benefits of increased public access, and proposals to either extend or overturn the NIH policy. It looks at increased public access to research results through the lens of “openness,” with a particular interest in how greater openness affects the progress of science, the productivity of the research enterprise, the process of innovation, the commercialization of research, and economic growth.
Costs and Benefits of Data Provision :
« Over the last decade there has been increasing awareness of the potential benefits of more open access to Public Sector Information (PSI) and the findings of publicly funded research. That awareness is based on economic principles and evidence, and it finds expression in policy at institutional, national and international levels.
Public Sector Information (PSI) policies seek to optimise innovation by making data available for use and re-use with minimal barriers in the form of cost or inconvenience. They place three responsibilities on publicly funded agencies: (i) to arrange stewardship and curation of their data; (ii) to make their data readily discoverable and available for use and re-use with minimal restrictions; and (iii) to forgo fees wherever practical.
This report presents case studies exploring the costs and benefits that PSI producing agencies and their users experience in making information freely available, and preliminary estimates of the wider economic impacts of open access to PSI. In doing so, it outlines a possibly method for cost-benefit analysis at the agency level and explores the data requirements for such an analysis – recognising that few agencies will have all of the data required. »
URL : http://ands.org.au/resource/houghton-cost-benefit-study.pdf
The Current State and Likely Future of the Commercial Legal Publishing Industry: The Effect of Open Access Innovation on the Industry’s Core Market :
« Outsell’s David Curle, a publishing industry analyst, gave the following presentation on the legal publishing industry at the May 21, 2010 Chicago LAW.GOV workshop. After reviewing the market structure of the industry, estimating revenue generated by selling primary legal resources, and the impact the current recession has had on the major companies’ core market, namely law firm and corporate instititutional buyers, Curle forecasts that open access innovation will create new markets outside of this core market and that the products and services created there will push the major legal publishers to provide similar products and services because their core institutional buyers will be demanding them. »
URL : http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/law_librarian_blog/2010/08/the-current-state-of-commercial-legal-publishing.html