Author : Riitta Maijala
Whereas the first digital revolution of science by digitisation changed the scientific practices of data collection, analysis and reporting of results, the second digital revolution, i.e. open science, will also challenge the current roles of researchers, research organisations, libraries and publishers.
From the early days of development, research libraries have joined different networks
and been among the most active stakeholders working towards open science. Cohesive networks are needed for coordinated actions and support, whereas bridging networks can provide new approaches and novel information.
The Finnish Open Science and Research Initiative is presented in this paper as an example of joining networks, motivating individuals and organisations to deliver high-quality services, infrastructures and competence building to promote a transition towards open science.
This paper also presents milestones such as the publication of the academic publishing costs of Finnish research organisations and the maturity level of open science operating cultures in HEIs.
Based on the experience of the Finnish open science initiative, joining different networks at the national level on an open mode of operation can significantly speed up the transition towards the era of open science.
URL : Joining Networks in the World of Open Science
Alternative location : https://www.liberquarterly.eu/article/10.18352/lq.10179/
Authors :Kristiina Hormia-Poutanen, Pirjo-Leena Forsström
Open science and open research provide potential for new discoveries and solutions to global problems, thus are automatically extending beyond the boundaries of an individual research laboratory.
By nature they imply and lead to collaboration among researchers. This collaboration should be established on all possible levels: institutional, national and international. The present paper looks at the situation in Finland, it shows how these collaborations are organized at the various levels.
The special role played by LIBER is evidenced. The advantages of these collaborations are highlighted.
URL : Collaboration at International, National and Institutional Level – Vital in Fostering Open Science
DOI : http://doi.org/10.18352/lq.10157
Authors : Jyrki Ilva, Markku Antero Laitinen, Jarmo Saarti
The Open Access movement in scientific publishing has been gathering momentum in the European Union and its member states, partly due to the policies of some of its main research funders.
Already we have seen encouraging research results on the effects of openness on the dissemination of scientific outputs. As business models of Open Access publishing are still under development, the aim of our paper is to assess the statistical tools and data that the Finnish libraries currently have for comparing the costs associated with different modes of disseminating scientific publications.
We will also analyse the potential costs associated with Open Access publishing models and compare them with the current cost structure of – mostly – paywalled (PW) access.
The discussion will include a description of current Finnish Open Access policies and their funding models. The financial analysis will be based on the statistical data found in the national Research Library Statistics database and the Finnish National Research Publications database, Juuli.
We will discuss the alternatives on how best to develop statistical tools to estimate the true costs of scientific publishing.
URL : The Costs of Open and Closed Access: Using the Finnish Research Output as an Example
DOI : http://doi.org/10.18352/lq.10137