Author : Jonathan Gray
Open data, defined as a set of ideas and conventions that transform information into a reusable public resource, is promoted for various purposes: to improve the transparency of public institutions, to create projects that strengthen democracy, to stimulate economic growth.
The social and technical infrastructures that support open data recompose the « worlds of data »: new social collectives are formed, new practices creating meaning appear. Transnational political initiatives are emerging. Far from being a simple « release » of data, it does not go without translation, mediation, and new social practices.
But can this movement serve as a basis for a richer democratic deliberation, or is it destined to socially institutionalize various forms of bureaucratization and commodification?